[cleanairuk_news] Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update August 2016

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Thu Nov 10 19:59:31 GMT 2016


* Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update August 2016 *

By Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality of Life Initiative

(Previous edition - July 2016:
http://cleanairuk.org/pipermail/news_cleanairuk.org/2016-November/000102.html)

(Index for previous issues:
http://www.cleanairuk.org/health-air-pollution.html)

*NOTICE*

Clean Air Convergence 2016, Saturday 12 November 2016 at Student  
Central (formerly Univeristy of London Union - ULU) Malet Street, London

Details: http://cleanairuk.org/convergence-2016.html

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*CONTENTS*

1) Noise Annoyance Is Associated with Depression and Anxiety in the  
General Population- The Contribution of Aircraft Noise

2) Short-term exposure to noise, fine particulate matter and nitrogen  
oxides on ambulatory blood pressure: A repeated-measure study

3) Particulate air pollution and circulating biomarkers among type 2  
diabetic mellitus patients: the roles of particle size and time  
windows of exposure

4) Air Pollution and Subtypes, Severity and Vulnerability to Ischemic  
Stroke—A Population Based Case-Crossover Study

5) Associations of short-term exposure to traffic-related air  
pollution with cardiovascular and respiratory hospital admissions in  
London, UK

6) Association between air pollution and coronary artery calcification  
within six metropolitan areas in the USA (the Multi-Ethnic Study of  
Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution): a longitudinal cohort study

7) Estimated Excess Morbidity and Mortality Caused by Air Pollution  
above American Thoracic Society–Recommended Standards, 2011–2013

8) Prenatal ambient air pollution exposure and the risk of stillbirth:  
systematic review and meta-analysis of the empirical evidence

9) The modifying effect of socioeconomic status on the relationship  
between traffic, air pollution and respiratory health in elementary  
schoolchildren

10) Air pollution affects lung cancer survival

11) A dynamic urban air pollution population exposure assessment study  
using model and population density data derived by mobile phone traffic

12) Particle number concentration near road traffic in Amsterdam (the  
Netherlands): Comparison of standard and real-world emission factors

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1) Noise Annoyance Is Associated with Depression and Anxiety in the  
General Population- The Contribution of Aircraft Noise

Manfred E. Beutel, Claus Jünger, Eva M. Klein, Philipp Wild, Karl  
Lackner, Maria Blettner, Harald Binder, Matthias Michal, Jörg Wiltink,  
Elmar Brähler, Thomas Münzel

Strong noise annoyance was associated with a two-fold higher  
prevalence of depression and anxiety in the general population. While  
we could not relate annoyance due to aircraft noise directly to  
depression and anxiety, we established that it was the major source of  
annoyance in the sample, exceeding the other sources in those strongly  
annoyed. Prospective follow-up data will address the issue of causal  
relationships between annoyance and mental health.

PlosOne May 2016 - read article  
(http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0155357)

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2) Short-term exposure to noise, fine particulate matter and nitrogen  
oxides on ambulatory blood pressure: A repeated-measure study

Li-Te Chang, Kai-Jen Chuang, Wei-Ting Yang, Ven-Shing Wang, Hsiao-Chi  
Chuang, Bo-Ying Bao, Chiu-Shong Liu, Ta-Yuan Chang

Exposure to noise, PM2.5 or NOx may be independently associated with  
elevated blood pressure. Noise exposure has transient effects of  
increased SBP and DBP over 24 h. Exposure to PM2.5 has elevated  
effects on 24-h ambulatory SBP and DBP. NOx exposure only relates to  
elevated ambulatory DBP over 24 h.

Environmental Research 140, July 2015, 634–640 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001796)

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3) Particulate air pollution and circulating biomarkers among type 2  
diabetic mellitus patients: the roles of particle size and time  
windows of exposure

Cuicui Wang, Renjie Chen, Zhuohui Zhao, Jing Cai, Jianxiong Lu, Sandie  
Ha, Xiaohui Xu, Xuan Chen, Haidong Kan

2 h exposure to PM leads to increases in circulating biomarkers among  
diabetics. PM with smaller size has the strongest effect at 0.25–0.40  
μm. The effects on inflammation and vasoconstriction were restricted  
to 0–12 h. The effects on coagulation persisted for 24–72 h. PM had a  
stronger effect among male patients than female patients.

Environmental Research 140, July 2015, 112–118 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001048)

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4) Air Pollution and Subtypes, Severity and Vulnerability to Ischemic  
Stroke—A Population Based Case-Crossover Study

Ravi Maheswaran , Tim Pearson, Sean D. Beevers, Michael J. Campbell,  
Charles D. Wolfe

Overall, we found little consistent evidence of association between  
air pollutants and ischemic stroke subtypes and severity. There was  
however a suggestion that increasing NO2 exposure might be associated  
with higher risk of stroke caused by cerebrovascular small vessel  
disease.

PlosOne June 30, 2016 - read article  
(http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0158556)

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5) Associations of short-term exposure to traffic-related air  
pollution with cardiovascular and respiratory hospital admissions in  
London, UK

Evangelia Samoli, Richard W Atkinson, Antonis Analitis, Gary W Fuller,  
David C Green, Ian Mudway, H Ross Anderson, Frank J Kelly

Our results suggest that exhaust related pollutants are associated  
with increased numbers of adult cardiovascular and paediatric  
respiratory hospitalisations. More extensive monitoring in urban  
centres is required to further elucidate the associations.

Occup Environ Med 2016;73:300-307 - read article  
(http://oem.bmj.com/content/73/5/300.full)

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6) Association between air pollution and coronary artery calcification  
within six metropolitan areas in the USA (the Multi-Ethnic Study of  
Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution): a longitudinal cohort study

Joel D Kaufman, Sara D Adar, R Graham Barr, Matthew Budoff, Gregory L  
Burke, Cynthia L Curl, Martha L Daviglus, Ana V Diez Roux, Amanda J  
Gassett, David R Jacobs Jr, Richard Kronmal, Timothy V Larson, Ana  
Navas-Acien, Casey Olives, Paul D Sampson, Lianne Sheppard, David S  
Siscovick, James H Stein, Adam A Szpiro, Karol E Watson

Increased concentrations of PM2·5 and traffic-related air pollution  
within metropolitan areas, in ranges commonly encountered worldwide,  
are associated with progression in coronary calcification, consistent  
with acceleration of atherosclerosis. This study supports the case for  
global efforts of pollution reduction in prevention of cardiovascular  
diseases.

The Lancet, 388:10045, 696–704, 13 August 2016 - read abstract  
(http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(16)00378-0/fulltext?elsca1=etoc)

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7) Estimated Excess Morbidity and Mortality Caused by Air Pollution  
above American Thoracic Society–Recommended Standards, 2011–2013

Kevin R. Cromar, Laura A. Gladson, Lars D. Perlmutt, Marya Ghazipura,  
Gary W. Ewart

Using design values of ambient pollution concentrations from 2011–2013  
as a baseline, the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the Marron  
Institute of Urban Management estimated excess morbidity and mortality  
in the United States attributable to exposure to ambient ozone (O3)  
and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) at levels above the American  
Thoracic Society–recommended standards.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 13:8 1195–1201, Aug 2016 - read article  
(http://www.thoracic.org/about/newsroom/press-releases/journal/health-of-air-report.pdf)

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8) Prenatal ambient air pollution exposure and the risk of stillbirth:  
systematic review and meta-analysis of the empirical evidence

Nazeeba Siddika, Hamudat A Balogun, Adeladza K Amegah, Jouni J K Jaakkola

The body of evidence suggests that exposure to ambient air pollution  
increases the risk of stillbirth. Further studies are needed to  
strengthen the evidence.

Occup Environ Med 2016;73:573-581 - read article  
(http://oem.bmj.com/content/73/9/573.full)

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9) The modifying effect of socioeconomic status on the relationship  
between traffic, air pollution and respiratory health in elementary  
schoolchildren

Sabit Cakmak, Christopher Hebbern, Jasmine D. Cakmak, Jennifer Vanos

We studied the modification of traffic and air pollution effects on  
respiratory health by SES in children. The risk of developing  
respiratory conditions was increased (exacerbated) in low income and  
education groups. Lung function declined with traffic and pollutant  
exposure in low income groups. Traffic and air pollution present  
higher health risks in lower socioeconomic groups.

Journal of Environmental Management 177, 15 July 2016, 1–8 - read  
article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479716301566)

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10) Air pollution affects lung cancer survival

Sandrah P Eckel, Myles Cockburn, Yu-Hsiang Shu, Huiyu Deng, Frederick  
W Lurmann, Lihua Liu, Frank D Gilliland

These epidemiological findings support the hypothesis that air  
pollution exposures after lung cancer diagnosis shorten survival.  
Future studies should evaluate the impacts of exposure reduction.

Thorax doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-207927 - read article  
(http://thorax.bmj.com/content/early/2016/06/22/thoraxjnl-2015-207927.full)   
and editorial  
(http://thorax.bmj.com/content/early/2016/07/20/thoraxjnl-2016-208967.full) by  
Jaime E Hart.

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11) A dynamic urban air pollution population exposure assessment study  
using model and population density data derived by mobile phone traffic

Claudio Gariazzo, Armando Pelliccioni, Andrea Bolignano

Mobile Phone traffic data can be used to track urban population.  
Dynamic urban population density maps indicate large mobility. Large  
variations of population exposure are detected. Small differences on  
exposure are estimated for different genders and age ranges.  
Assessment of population exposure based on residence is unable to  
estimate the actual variability of exposure.

Atmospheric Environment 131, April 2016, 289–300 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231016301224)

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12) Particle number concentration near road traffic in Amsterdam (the  
Netherlands): Comparison of standard and real-world emission factors

M.P. Keuken, M. Moerman, M. Voogt, P. Zandveld, H. Verhagen, U.  
Stelwagen, D. Jonge

Real world PN emission factor for traffic eight times standard  
emission factor. Real world PN emission factors: 2.9E+14 (urban) and  
3E+14 (motorway) #.km−1. PNC near urban roads three times higher than  
urban background.

Atmospheric Environment 132, May 2016, 345–355 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231016301807)

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----------------------------------------------------------

Compiler and Editor: Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality
of Life Initiative

10 Montgomery Terrace Road

Sheffield S6 3BU

Tel. 0114 285 9931

Fax 0114 278 7173

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