[cleanairuk_news] Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update July 2016

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Thu Nov 10 19:54:51 GMT 2016


* Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update July 2016 *

By Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality of Life Initiative

(Previous edition - June 2016:
http://cleanairuk.org/pipermail/news_cleanairuk.org/2016-June/000100.html)

(Index for previous issues:
http://www.cleanairuk.org/health-air-pollution.html)

*NOTICE*

Clean Air Convergence 2016, Saturday 12 November 2016 at Student  
Central (formerly Univeristy of London Union - ULU) Malet Street, London

Details: http://cleanairuk.org/convergence-2016.html

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*CONTENTS*

1) Science for Environment Policy THEMATIC ISSUE: Noise impacts on  
health January 2015 Issue 47

2) Long-term transportation noise annoyance is associated with  
subsequent lower levels of physical activity

3) Association between neighbourhood air pollution concentrations and  
dispensed medication for psychiatric disorders in a large longitudinal  
cohort of Swedish children and adolescents

4) Association between air pollutants and dementia risk in the elderly

5) Inhalation of diesel exhaust and allergen alters human bronchial  
epithelium DNA methylation

6) Traffic-related air pollution exposure is associated with allergic  
sensitization, asthma, and poor lung function in middle age

7) The Association Between Air Pollution Exposure and Glucose and  
Lipids Levels

8) Association between air pollution and coronary artery calcification  
within six metropolitan areas in the USA (the Multi-Ethnic Study of  
Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution): a longitudinal cohort study

9) Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution in Relation to  
Progression in Physical Disability among Older Adults

10) India Leads the Way: A Health-Centered Strategy for Air Pollution

11) Air pollution—crossing borders

12) Local action to mitigate the health impacts of cars

13) PM2.5 collected in China causes inflammatory and oxidative stress  
responses in macrophages through the multiple pathways

14) Association between neighbourhood air pollution concentrations and  
dispensed medication for psychiatric disorders in a large longitudinal  
cohort of Swedish children and adolescents

15) Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Premature Rupture of Membranes

16) Effect of odour on multisensory environmental evaluations of road traffic

17) Nitric oxide-fixation by non-symbiotic hemoglobin proteins in  
Arabidopsis thaliana under N-limited conditions

18) Presentations from the latest KCL conference on 21 June 2016 are  
now available online - 60 years on from the Clean Air Act - air  
pollution in London today

- o -

1) Science for Environment Policy THEMATIC ISSUE: Noise impacts on  
health January 2015 Issue 47

Articles include: Transport noise mitigation must consider the medical  
impacts; Loss of healthy life due to UK noise exposure valued at €1.34  
billion; Health of vulnerable people exposed to noise is  
under-researched; Children are more hyperactive if they live near busy  
roads; Reviewing the multiple impacts of noise pollution; Preserving  
quiet areas improves health; How sounds affect our state of mind.

Science for Environment Policy THEMATIC ISSUE: Noise impacts on health  
January 2015 Issue 47 - read journal.   
(http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/research/newsalert/pdf/47si.pdf)

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2) Long-term transportation noise annoyance is associated with  
subsequent lower levels of physical activity

Maria Foraster, Ikenna C. Eze, Danielle Vienneau, Mark Brink,  
Christian Cajochen, Seraina Caviezel, Harris Héritier, Emmanuel  
Schaffner, Christian Schindler, Miriam Wanner, Jean-Marc Wunderli,  
Martin Röösli, Nicole Probst-Hensch

Long-term transportation noise annoyance may contribute to lower  
physical activity. The impact could be greater for women, those with  
sleep impairment or with chronic diseases. Even low noise annoyance  
ratings could impact health. The association could relate to sleep  
disturbance and/or to the environmental quality perception. This study  
suggests additional mechanisms of noise towards cardiometabolic  
diseases.

Environment International 91, May 2016, 341–349 - read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412016300897)

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3) Association between neighbourhood air pollution concentrations and  
dispensed medication for psychiatric disorders in a large longitudinal  
cohort of Swedish children and adolescents

Anna Oudin, Lennart Bråbäck, Daniel Oudin Åström, Magnus Strömgren,  
Bertil Forsberg

There may be a link between exposure to air pollution and dispensed  
medications for certain psychiatric disorders in children and  
adolescents even at the relatively low levels of air pollution in the  
study regions. The findings should be corroborated by others.

BMJ Open 2016;6:e010004 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010004 - read article  
(http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/6/6/e010004.full?sid=a5e2796a-c879-456b-872f-1a9dff9efe9f)

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4) Association between air pollutants and dementia risk in the elderly

Yun-Chun Wu, Yuan-Chien Lin, Hwa-Lung Yu, Jen-Hau Chen, Ta-Fu Chen, Yu  
Sun, Li-Li Wen, Ping-Keung Yip, Yi-Min Chu, Yen-Ching Chen

Long-term exposure to the highest tertile of PM10 or ozone was  
significantly associated with an increased risk of AD and VaD.

Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring  
1(2), June 2015, 220–228 - read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352872915000457)

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5) Inhalation of diesel exhaust and allergen alters human bronchial  
epithelium DNA methylation

Rachel L. Clifford, Meaghan J. Jones, Julia L. MacIsaac, Lisa M.  
McEwen, Sarah J. Goodman, Sara Mostafavi, Michael S. Kobor, Chris  
Carlsten

These findings suggest that specific exposures can prime the lung for  
changes in DNA methylation induced by a subsequent insult.

Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology DOI:  
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2016.03.046 - read abstract  
(http://www.jacionline.org/article/S0091-6749(16)30273-1/abstract)

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6) Traffic-related air pollution exposure is associated with allergic  
sensitization, asthma, and poor lung function in middle age

Gayan Bowatte, Caroline J. Lodge, Luke D. Knibbs, Adrian J. Lowe,  
Bircan Erbas, Martine Dennekamp, Guy B. Marks, Graham Giles, Stephen  
Morrison, Bruce Thompson, Paul S. Thomas, Jennie Hui, Jennifer L.  
Perret, Michael J. Abramson, Haydn Walters, Melanie C. Matheson,  
Shyamali C. Dharmage

Even relatively low TRAP exposures confer an increased risk of adverse  
respiratory and allergic outcomes in genetically susceptible  
individuals.

Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology DOI:  
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2016.05.008 - read abstract  
(http://www.jacionline.org/article/S0091-6749(16)30357-8/abstract)

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7) The Association Between Air Pollution Exposure and Glucose and  
Lipids Levels

Maayan Yitshak Sade, Itai Kloog, Idit F. Liberty, Joel Schwartz, Victor Novack

Intermediate-term, but not short term, exposure to PM is associated  
with alterations in glucose, HbA1c, and lipids, especially among  
people with diabetes.

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism DOI:  
http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2016-1378 - read abstract  
(http://press.endocrine.org/doi/abs/10.1210/jc.2016-1378)

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8) Association between air pollution and coronary artery calcification  
within six metropolitan areas in the USA (the Multi-Ethnic Study of  
Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution): a longitudinal cohort study

Joel D Kaufman, Sara D Adar, R Graham Barr, Matthew Budoff, Gregory L  
Burke, Cynthia L Curl, Martha L Daviglus, Ana V Diez Roux, Amanda J  
Gassett, David R Jacobs Jr, Richard Kronmal, Timothy V Larson, Ana  
Navas-Acien, Casey Olives, Paul D Sampson, Lianne Sheppard, David S  
Siscovick, James H Stein, Adam A Szpiro, Karol E Watson

Increased concentrations of PM2·5 and traffic-related air pollution  
within metropolitan areas, in ranges commonly encountered worldwide,  
are associated with progression in coronary calcification, consistent  
with acceleration of atherosclerosis. This study supports the case for  
global efforts of pollution reduction in prevention of cardiovascular  
diseases.

The Lancet Online First DOI:  
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00378-0 - read abstract  
(http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(16)00378-0/abstract)

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9) Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution in Relation to  
Progression in Physical Disability among Older Adults

Jennifer Weuve, Joel D. Kaufman, Adam A. Szpiro, Cynthia Curl, Robin  
C. Puett, Todd Beck, Denis A. Evans, Carlos F. Mendes de Leon

These data join a growing body of evidence suggesting that TRAP  
exposures may accelerate aging-related declines in health.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1510089 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/15-10089/)

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10) India Leads the Way: A Health-Centered Strategy for Air Pollution

Ambuj Sagar, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Sarath Guttikunda, Anumita  
Roychowdhury, Kirk R. Smith

The Government of India has recently initiated unprecedented efforts  
to address the substantial national health burden attributable to  
ambient and household air pollution.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP90 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/EHP90/)

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11) Air pollution—crossing borders

Editorial in The Lancet 388,10040, p103, 9 July 2016 - read article  
(http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(16)31019-4/fulltext?elsca1=etoc)

Energy and Air Pollution. World Energy Outlook Special Report

Around 18 000 people die each day as a result of air pollution. In  
fact, the number of deaths attributed to air pollution each year – 6.5  
million deaths – is, according to the World Health Organization (WHO),  
much greater than the number from HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and road  
injuries combined.

International Energy Agency, 2016, 266pp - read report  
(http://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/WorldEnergyOutlookSpecialReport2016EnergyandAirPollution.pdf)

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12) Local action to mitigate the health impacts of cars

The UK Faculty of Public Health (FPH) recommends a “major shift away  
from cars in favour of active travel: walking, cycling and public  
transport” in order to reduce the health harms of road transport and  
improve the health of the population and individuals

Faculty of Public Health 2016 10pp - read report  
(http://www.fph.org.uk/uploads/Briefing%20statement%20-%20Impact%20of%20cars.pdf)

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13) PM2.5 collected in China causes inflammatory and oxidative stress  
responses in macrophages through the multiple pathways

Kanae Bekki, Tomohiro Ito, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Cuiying He, Keiichi  
Arashidani, Miao He, Guifan Sun, Yang Zeng, Hideko Sone, Naoki  
Kunugita, Takamichi Ichinose

PM2.5 collected in China causes inflammation and oxidative stress in  
macrophages. PM2.5 causes inflammation mainly through endotoxin and  
AhR pathways. PM2.5 causes oxidative stress via other pathways, such  
as quinone compounds.

Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 45, July 2016, 362–369 -  
read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668916301600)

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14) Association between neighbourhood air pollution concentrations and  
dispensed medication for psychiatric disorders in a large longitudinal  
cohort of Swedish children and adolescents

Anna Oudin, Lennart Bråbäck, Daniel Oudin Åström, Magnus Strömgren,  
Bertil Forsberg

There may be a link between exposure to air pollution and dispensed  
medications for certain psychiatric disorders in children and  
adolescents even at the relatively low levels of air pollution in the  
study regions. The findings should be corroborated by others.

BMJ Open 2016;6:e010004 - read article  
(http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/6/6/e010004.full)

- o -

15) Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Premature Rupture of Membranes

Maeve E. Wallace, Katherine L. Grantz, Danping Liu, Yeyi Zhu, Sung Soo  
Kim, Pauline Mendola

Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is a major factor that  
predisposes women to preterm delivery. In the 5 hours preceding  
delivery, there were 3%–7% increases in risk associated with exposure  
to ozone and particulate matter less than 2.5 µm in aerodynamic  
diameter and inverse associations with exposure to carbon monoxide and  
nitrogen oxides. Acute and long-term air pollutant exposures merit  
further study in relation to PROM.

Am. J. Epidemiol. (2016) 183 (12): 1114-1121 - read abstract  
(http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/183/12/1114.abstract?etoc)

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16) Effect of odour on multisensory environmental evaluations of road traffic

Like Jiang, Massimiliano Masullo, Luigi Maffei

This study shows that Odour presence did not have significant main  
effect on any of the evaluations, but has significant interactions  
with Traffic level on Noise Annoyance and with Tree screening on  
Landscape Quality, indicating the potential of odour to modulate noise  
and visual landscape perceptions in specific environmental content.

Environmental Impact Assessment Review 60, September 2016, 126–133 -  
read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195925515300676)

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17) Nitric oxide-fixation by non-symbiotic hemoglobin proteins in  
Arabidopsis thaliana under N-limited conditions

Gitto Thomas Kuruthukulangarakoola, Jiangli Zhang, Andreas Albert,  
Barbro Winkler, Hans Lang, Franz Buegger, Frank Gaupels, Werner  
Heller, Bernhard Michalke, Hakan Sarioglu,
Jörg-Peter Schnitzler, Kim Henrik Hebelstrup, Jörg Durner, Christian  
Lindermayr

Nitric oxide is an important signalling molecule which is involved in  
many different physiological processes in plants. Here we report about  
a NO-fixing mechanism in Arabidopsis, which allows the fixation of  
atmospheric NO into nitrogen metabolism.

Plant Cell & Environment, May 2016, doi: 10.1111/pce.12773 - read  
abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pce.12773/full)  
/download pdf  
(http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pce.12773/full)

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18) Presentations from the latest KCL conference on 21 June 2016 are  
now available online - 60 years on from the Clean Air Act - air  
pollution in London today

- view presentations (http://www.londonair.org.uk/london/asp/LAQNSeminar/)

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----------------------------------------------------------

Compiler and Editor: Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality
of Life Initiative

10 Montgomery Terrace Road

Sheffield S6 3BU

Tel. 0114 285 9931

Fax 0114 278 7173

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(https://sheffieldeastend.wordpress.com/)  We are setting up an
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