[cleanairuk_news] Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update April 2017

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* Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update April 2017 *

By Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality of Life Initiative

(Previous edition - March 2017:  
http://cleanairuk.org/pipermail/news_cleanairuk.org/2017-April/000111.html)

(Index for previous issues:  
http://www.cleanairuk.org/health-air-pollution.html)

*CONTENTS*

1) Can clean air make you happy? Examining the effect of nitrogen  
dioxide (NO2) on life satisfaction

2) Greater nitrogen dioxide concentrations at child versus adult  
breathing heights close to urban main road kerbside

3) Exposure of in-pram babies to airborne particles during morning  
drop-in and afternoon pick-up of school children

4) Impact of air pollution and temperature on adverse birth outcomes:  
Madrid, 2001-2009

5) Ambient temperature and air quality in relation to small for  
gestational age and term low birthweight

6) Air Quality: A Briefing for Directors of Public Health

7) Allergic disease associations with regional and localized estimates  
of air pollution

8) Spatial variation in nitrogen dioxide concentrations and  
cardiopulmonary hospital admissions

9) Particulate air pollutants, APOE alleles and their contributions to  
cognitive impairment in older women and to amyloidogenesis in  
experimental models

10) Associations Between Genome-wide Gene Expression and Ambient  
Nitrogen Oxides

11) Association between ambient particulate matter and disorders of  
vestibular function

12) Short-term particulate matter exposure induces extracellular  
vesicle release in overweight subjects

13) Diesel exhaust causes lung cancer: now what?

14) Estimation of quantitative levels of diesel exhaust exposure and  
the health impact in the contemporary Australian mining industry

- o -

1) Can clean air make you happy? Examining the effect of nitrogen  
dioxide (NO2) on life satisfaction

Sarah J Knight and Peter Howley

Our results suggest a significant and negative association between  
mean annual ambient NO2 and life satisfaction, and moreover that these  
effects are substantive and comparable to that of many 'big hitting'  
life events.

Environment Department, University of York, March 2017, 31pp - read  
report  
(https://www.york.ac.uk/media/economics/documents/hedg/workingpapers/1708.pdf)

- o -

2) Greater nitrogen dioxide concentrations at child versus adult  
breathing heights close to urban main road kerbside

Hannah S. Kenagy, Chun Lin, Hao Wu, Mathew R. Heal

These observations have potential public health implications for  
differential NO2 exposures between children walking, or in buggies,  
close to heavily trafficked urban roads compared with adults.

Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health September 2016, 9:6 589-595 - read   
(https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11869-015-0370-3) article  
(https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11869-015-0370-3)

- o -

3) Exposure of in-pram babies to airborne particles during morning  
drop-in and afternoon pick-up of school children

Prashant Kumar, Ioar Rivas, Lovish Sachdeva

PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 particles dominated morning and afternoon hours,  
respectively. Traffic intersections (TIs) and bus stand emerged as  
pollution hotspots. PNC were by ~65% higher at both TIs and bus stand  
than at the rest of the route. Small differences in PM2.5  
concentration between babies and adults were noted.

Environmental Pollution 224, May 2017, 407-420 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749116323120)

- o -

4) Impact of air pollution and temperature on adverse birth outcomes:  
Madrid, 2001-2009

Virginia Arroyo, Julio Díaz, Rocío Carmona, Cristina Ortiz, Cristina Linares

Exposure to pollutants during pregnancy has been related to adverse  
birth outcomes. This study therefore sought to analyse the influence  
of air pollution and noise levels on adverse births. This study sought  
to identify gestational windows of susceptibility during pregnancy.  
Special note should be taken of the effect of diurnal noise on LBW  
across the entire pregnancy.

Environmental Pollution 218, November 2016, 1154-1161 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S026974911631003X)

- o -

5) Ambient temperature and air quality in relation to small for  
gestational age and term low birthweight

Sandie Ha, Yeyi Zhu, Danping Liu, Seth Sherman, Pauline Mendola

Whole-pregnancy cold or hot temperature increased term low birthweight  
(tLBW) risk. Cold exposures during trimesters 2 and 3 & hot during  
trimester 3 increased tLBW risk. There was no association between  
temperature and small for gestational age (SGA). Most associations  
between air pollution and SGA or tLBW were null.

Environmental Research 155, May 2017, 394-400 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935116307332?dgcid=raven_sd_via_email)

- o -

6) Air Quality: A Briefing for Directors of Public Health

Directors of Public Health have a crucial role to play as leaders and  
influencers, shaping how local approaches can help clean up air in  
their area most effectively

Defra, 116 pages, March 2017 - read report  
(http://www.local.gov.uk/documents/10180/8150261/6.3091_DEFRA_AirQualityGuide_9web.pdf/29ac4d01-1cb8-4856-8e2d-a097ffa57d7b)

- o -

7) Allergic disease associations with regional and localized estimates  
of air pollution

Amy A. Schultz, Jamie J. Schauer, Kristen MC. Malecki

Air pollution and allergic disease associations vary by exposure  
source and outcome. Low level regional air pollution is marginally  
associated with asthma and allergies. Proximity to roadways and  
industrial sites are associated with asthma and allergies. Areas with  
low level regional pollution should focus on reducing local emissions.

Environmental Research 155, May 2017, 77-85 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935116309021?dgcid=raven_sd_via_email)

- o -

8) Spatial variation in nitrogen dioxide concentrations and  
cardiopulmonary hospital admissions

Marieke B.A. Dijkema, Robert T. van Strien, Saskia C. van der Zee,  
Sanne F. Mallant, Paul Fischer, Gerard Hoek, Bert Brunekreef, Ulrike  
Gehring

Long-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) was linked to hospital  
admissions. Hospital admissions registry data for the West of the  
Netherlands (4 Mio. inhabitants) were used. Risks of hospitalization  
for asthma and COPD were higher in areas with higher levels of NO2.

Environmental Research 151, November 2016, 721-727 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935116305679)

- o -

9) Particulate air pollutants, APOE alleles and their contributions to  
cognitive impairment in older women and to amyloidogenesis in  
experimental models

M Cacciottolo, X Wang, I Driscoll, N Woodward, A Saffari, J Reyes, M L  
Serre, W Vizuete, C Sioutas, T E Morgan, M Gatz, H C Chui, S A  
Shumaker, S M Resnick, M A Espeland, C E Finch, J C Chen

Exposure to particulate matter (PM) in the ambient air and its  
interactions with APOE alleles may contribute to the acceleration of  
brain aging and the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD).  
Neurodegenerative effects of particulate air pollutants were examined  
in a US-wide cohort of older women from the Women's Health Initiative  
Memory Study (WHIMS) and in experimental mouse models. Residing in  
places with fine PM exceeding EPA standards increased the risks for  
global cognitive decline and all-cause dementia respectively by 81 and  
92%, with stronger adverse effects in APOE e4/4 carriers.

Translational Psychiatry (2017) 7, e1022; doi:10.1038/tp.2016.280 -  
read article  
(http://www.nature.com/tp/journal/v7/n1/full/tp2016280a.html)

- o -

10) Associations Between Genome-wide Gene Expression and Ambient  
Nitrogen Oxides

Mostafavi, Nahid; Vlaanderen, Jelle; Portengen, Lutzen; Chadeau-Hyam,  
Marc; Modig, Lars; Palli, Domenico; Bergdahl, Ingvar A.; Brunekreef,  
Bert; Vineis, Paolo; Hebels, Dennie G. A. J.; Kleinjans, Jos C. S.;  
Krogh, Vittorio; Hoek, Gerard; Georgiadis, Panagiotis; Kyrtopoulos,  
Soterios .; Vermeulen, Roel

This study provides evidence of subtle changes in gene expression  
related to exposure to long-term NOx. On a global level, the observed  
changes in the transcriptome may indicate similarities between air  
pollution and tobacco induced changes in the transcriptome.

Epidemiology: May 2017 28:3 320-328

- o -

11) Association between ambient particulate matter and disorders of  
vestibular function

Changwoo Han, Youn-Hee Lim, Kweon Jung, Yun-Chul Hong

Evaluated associations between short term exposure to PM and diseases  
of vestibular dysfunction. Meniere's disease hospital visits were  
associated with acute PM exposure. The elderly were more susceptible  
to PM than younger people in case of Meniere's disease.

Environmental Research 155, May 2017, 242-248 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935116306272?dgcid=raven_sd_via_email)

- o -

12) Short-term particulate matter exposure induces extracellular  
vesicle release in overweight subjects

Matteo Bonzini, Laura Pergoli, Laura Cantone, Mirjam Hoxha, Andrea  
Spinazzè, Luca Del Buono, Chiara Favero, Michele Carugno, Laura  
Angelici, Lucia Broggi, Andrea Cattaneo

We investigated the association between EV release and personal  
exposure to PM. Increased PM exposure was associated with increased  
release of EVs. The maximum effect was found for endothelial EVs.  
PM-induced EV alterations were more pronounced in overweight subjects.

Environmental Research 155, May 2017, 228-234 - read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935116311562?dgcid=raven_sd_via_email)

- o -

13) Diesel exhaust causes lung cancer: now what?

Debra T Silverman

After three decades of epidemiological research, diesel exhaust was  
classified as a carcinogen in humans by the International Agency for  
Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2012 based on evidence of its  
carcinogenicity to the lung.

Occup Environ Med 2017;74:233-234 - read extract  
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-104197)

- o -

14) Estimation of quantitative levels of diesel exhaust exposure and  
the health impact in the contemporary Australian mining industry

Susan Peters, Nicholas de Klerk, Alison Reid, Lin Fritschi, AW (Bill)  
Musk, Roel Vermeulen

EC exposure levels in the contemporary Australian mining industry are  
still substantial, particularly for underground workers. The estimated  
excess numbers of lung cancer deaths associated with these exposures  
support the need for implementation of stringent occupational exposure  
limits for diesel exhaust.

Occup Environ Med 2017;74:282-289 - read abstract  
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103808)

- o -


----------------------------------------------------------


Compiler and Editor: Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality  
of Life Initiative

10 Montgomery Terrace Road

Sheffield S6 3BU

Tel. 0114 285 9931

Fax 0114 278 7173

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