[cleanairuk_news] Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update March 2017

contact at cleanairuk.org contact at cleanairuk.org
Fri Apr 7 15:54:08 BST 2017


* Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update March 2017 *

By Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality of Life Initiative

(Previous edition - February 2017:
http://cleanairuk.org/pipermail/news_cleanairuk.org/2017-April/000110.html)

(Index for previous issues:
http://www.cleanairuk.org/health-air-pollution.html)

*CONTENTS*

1) Ambient air pollution, traffic noise and adult asthma prevalence: a  
BioSHaRE approach

2) Impact of Road Traffic Pollution on Pre-eclampsia and  
Pregnancy-induced Hypertensive Disorders

3) Preterm birth associated with maternal fine particulate matter  
exposure: A global, regional and national assessment

4) Preconceptional and perinatal exposure to traffic-related air  
pollution and eczema in preschool children

5) Prenatal NO2 exposure and ultrasound measures of foetal growth: a  
prospective cohort study in Wuhan, China in preschool children

6) Impact of air pollution to gnome of newbornes

7) Preterm birth associated with maternal fine particulate matter  
exposure: A global, regional and national assessment

8) Early-life exposure to air pollution and greater use of academic  
support services in childhood: a population-based cohort study of  
urban children

9) Does Mental Health Status Influence Susceptibility to the  
Physiologic Effects of Air Pollution? A Population Based Study of  
Canadian Children

10) Exposure to air pollutants during commuting in London: Are there  
inequalities among different socio-economic groups?

11) Socioeconomic position and outdoor nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure  
in Western Europe: A multi-city analysis

12) Influence of exposure to coarse, fine and ultrafine urban  
particulate matter and their biological constituents on neural  
biomarkers in a randomized controlled crossover study

13) Air pollution alters Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus  
pneumoniae biofilms, antibiotic tolerance and colonisation

14) Living near major roads and the incidence of dementia, Parkinson's  
disease, and multiple sclerosis: a population-based cohort study

15) Living close to heavy traffic roads, air pollution, and dementia

16) Fine particulate matter on hospital admissions for acute  
exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in southwestern  
Taiwan during 2006–2012

17) Prospective evaluation of respiratory health benefits from reduced  
exposure to airborne particulate matter

18) Exposure to PM2.5 induces aberrant activation of NF-κB in human  
airway epithelial cells by downregulating miR-331 expression

19) Air pollution, PM2.5 composition, source factors, and respiratory  
symptoms in asthmatic and nonasthmatic children in Santiago, Chile

20) Protection against fine particle-induced pulmonary and systemic  
inflammation by omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids

- o -

1) Ambient air pollution, traffic noise and adult asthma prevalence: a  
BioSHaRE approach

Yutong Cai, Wilma L. Zijlema, Dany Doiron, Marta Blangiardo, Paul R.  
Burton, Isabel Fortier, Amadou Gaye, John Gulliver, Kees de Hoogh,  
Kristian Hveem, Stéphane Mbatchou, David W. Morley, Ronald P. Stolk,  
Paul Elliott, Anna L. Hansell, Susan Hodgson

This study suggests that long-term ambient PM10 exposure is associated  
with asthma prevalence in western European adults. Traffic noise is  
not associated with asthma prevalence, but its potential to impact on  
asthma exacerbations needs further investigation.

European Respiratory Journal 2017 49: 1502127; DOI:  
10.1183/13993003.02127-2015 - read abstract  
(http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/49/1/1502127)

- o -

2) Impact of Road Traffic Pollution on Pre-eclampsia and  
Pregnancy-induced Hypertensive Disorders

Pedersen, Marie; Halldorsson, Thorhallur I.; Olsen, Sjurdur F.;  
Hjortebjerg, Dorrit; Ketzel, Matthias; Grandström, Charlotta;  
Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole; Sørensen, Mette

Road traffic may be associated with increased risk of pre-eclampsia  
and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy through exposure to both air  
pollution and noise, although the effects were generally difficult to  
separate.

Epidemiology January 2017 28:1 99–106 - read article  
(http://journals.lww.com/epidem/Fulltext/2017/01000/Impact_of_Road_Traffic_Pollution_on_Pre_eclampsia.16.aspx)

- o -

3) Preterm birth associated with maternal fine particulate matter  
exposure: A global, regional and national assessment

Christopher S. Malley, Johan C.I. Kuylenstierna, Harry W. Vallack,  
Daven K. Henze, Hannah Blencowe, Mike R. Ashmore

Ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure is a possible risk  
factor for preterm birth. We estimate 2.7–3.4 million preterm births  
may be associated with PM2.5 exposure in 2010 globally. South/East  
Asia, North Africa/Middle East and West sub-Saharan Africa had largest  
burdens. Maternal PM2.5 exposure should be considered alongside other  
preterm birth risk factors.

Environment International Available online 10 February 2017 - read  
article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412016305992)

- o -

4) Preconceptional and perinatal exposure to traffic-related air  
pollution and eczema in preschool children

Chan Lu, Linjing Deng, Cuiyun Ou, Hong Yuan, Xiang Chen, Qihong Deng

Our findings support the hypothesis on fetal origins of eczema in  
early childhood. Exposure to traffic-related pollutant before birth  
was associated with eczema development. Eczema may be triggered by air  
pollution exposure in the 1st trimester and before pregnancy.  
High-level prenatal exposure to traffic related pollution  
significantly increased eczema risk.

Journal of Dermatological Science 85:2 85 - 95 - read abstract  
(http://www.jdsjournal.com/article/S0923-1811(16)30928-8/abstract)

- o -

5) Prenatal NO2 exposure and ultrasound measures of foetal growth: a  
prospective cohort study in Wuhan, China

Weiye Wang, Chunrong Zhong, Li Huang, Xuezhen Zhou, Renjuan Chen,  
Jiangyue Wu, Xiating Li, Ting Xiong, Chaoqun Liu, Mei Xiao, Xuefeng  
Yang, Liping Hao, Nianhong Yang, Sheng Wei

In this prospective study of Chinese women, maternal NO2 exposure was  
inversely associated with foetal growth, and the association was  
stronger among female babies and smoking mothers.

OEM 74:3 dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103980 - read abstract  
(http://oem.bmj.com/content/74/3/204)

- o -

6) Impact of air pollution to gnome of newbornes

Radim J. Šrám, Pavel Rössner, Jr, Andrea Rössnerová, Miroslav Dostál,  
Alena Milcová, Vlasta Švecová, Jana Pulkrabová, Jana Hajšlová, Miloš  
Velemínský, Jr

Our observations will indicate possible genetic and oxidative damage  
in newborns, which may significantly affect their morbidity.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2016 Dec; 24 (Suppl): S40–S44 - read article  
(http://apps.szu.cz/svi/cejph/archiv/2016-sup-06-full.pdf)

- o -

7) Preterm birth associated with maternal fine particulate matter  
exposure: A global, regional and national assessment

Christopher S. Malley, Johan C.I. Kuylenstierna, Harry W. Vallack,  
Daven K. Henze, Hannah Blencowe, Mike R. Ashmore

Ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure is a possible risk  
factor for preterm birth. We estimate 2.7–3.4 million preterm births  
may be associated with PM2.5 exposure in 2010 globally. South/East  
Asia, North Africa/Middle East and West sub-Saharan Africa had largest  
burdens. Maternal PM2.5 exposure should be considered alongside other  
preterm birth risk factors.

Environment International 101, April 2017, 173–182 - read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412016305992?dgcid=raven_sd_via_email)

- o -

8) Early-life exposure to air pollution and greater use of academic  
support services in childhood: a population-based cohort study of  
urban children

Jeanette A. StingoneEmail author, Katharine H. McVeigh and Luz Claudio

These findings suggest urban air pollution may affect children’s  
neurodevelopment and educational trajectories. They also demonstrate  
the use of public health data systems to advance children’s  
environmental health research.

Environmental Health 201716:2 DOI: 10.1186/s12940-017-0210-z - read  
abstract  
(https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-017-0210-z)

- o -

9) Does Mental Health Status Influence Susceptibility to the  
Physiologic Effects of Air Pollution? A Population Based Study of  
Canadian Children

Robert E. Dales, Sabit Cakmak

In the Canadian population, children who report mood disorders or  
unfavourable emotional symptoms appear to be more vulnerable to the  
adverse physiologic effects of air pollution.

PlosOne December 2016 http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0168931 -  
read article  
(http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0168931)

- o -

10) Exposure to air pollutants during commuting in London: Are there  
inequalities among different socio-economic groups?

Ioar Rivas, Prashant Kumar, Alex Hagen-Zanker

No systematic relationship between income deprivation and pollutant  
level was found. Modes hierarchy for PM concentrations in London  
observed as underground ≫ bus > car. Highest PNCs were measured in  
London buses, followed by car and underground train. BC was 23% higher  
in London buses than cars and influenced by Fe in underground. Air  
quality in trains depended on open/closed windows and  
above/underground tracks.

Environment International 101, April 2017, 143–157 - read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412016305803?dgcid=raven_sd_via_email)

- o -

11) Socioeconomic position and outdoor nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure  
in Western Europe: A multi-city analysis

Sofia Temam, Emilie Burte, Martin Adam, Josep M. Antó, Xavier  
Basagaña, Jean Bousquet, Anne-Elie Carsin, Bruna Galobardes, Dirk  
Keidel, Nino Künzli

In Europe, associations between SEP and air pollution are  
inconsistent. International studies with comparable multilevel data  
are needed. Associations among 16 European cities were compared  
showing high heterogeneity. Lower individual-SEP was generally, but  
weakly, associated with lower NO2 exposure. Lower neighborhood-SEP was  
generally associated with higher NO2 exposure.

Environment International 101, April 2017, 117–124 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412016303981?dgcid=raven_sd_via_email)

- o -

12) Influence of exposure to coarse, fine and ultrafine urban  
particulate matter and their biological constituents on neural  
biomarkers in a randomized controlled crossover study

Ling Liu, Bruce Urch, Mieczyslaw Szyszkowicz, Mary Speck, Karen  
Leingartner, Robin Shutt, Guillaume Pelletier, Diane R. Gold, James A.  
Scott, Jeffrey R. Brook, Peter S. Thorne

Healthy volunteers were exposed to filtered clean air, and coarse,  
fine and ultrafine particles coming from outdoor air. Endotoxin and  
β-1,3-D-glucan in the particles, and neural biomarker levels in blood  
and urine were measured. Associations between exposure to particulate  
matter and changes in neural biomarkers were examined. Coarse  
particles and its biological constituents may influence perturbations  
of blood-brain barrier and systemic stress.

Environment International 101, April 2017, 89–95 - read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412016307590?dgcid=raven_sd_via_email)

- o -

13) Air pollution alters Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus  
pneumoniae biofilms, antibiotic tolerance and colonisation

Shane. J. K. Hussey, Joanne Purves, Natalie Allcock, Vitor E.  
Fernandes, Paul S. Monks, Julian M. Ketley, Peter W. Andrew, Julie A.  
Morrissey

Our study highlights that air pollution has a significant effect on  
bacteria that has been largely overlooked. Consequently these findings  
have important implications concerning the impact of air pollution on  
human health and bacterial ecosystems worldwide.

Environ Microbiol. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13686 - read article  
(http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1462-2920.13686/full)

- o -

14) Living near major roads and the incidence of dementia, Parkinson's  
disease, and multiple sclerosis: a population-based cohort study

Hong Chen, Jeffrey C Kwong, Ray Copes, Karen Tu, Paul J Villeneuve,  
Aaron van Donkelaar, Perry Hystad, Randall V Martin, Brian J Murray,  
Barry Jessiman, Andrew S Wilton, Alexander Kopp, Richard T Burnett

In this large population-based cohort, living close to heavy traffic  
was associated with a higher incidence of dementia, but not with  
Parkinson's disease or multiple sclerosis.

The Lancet 389:10070 718–726, 18 February 2017 - read abstract  
(http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(16)32399-6/fulltext?elsca1=etoc)

- o -

15) Living close to heavy traffic roads, air pollution, and dementia

Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Rodolfo Villarreal-Ríos

Increases in chronic non-communicable diseases associated with changes  
in global economies and population ageing1 can be attributed at least  
partly to the exposure of urban populations to airborne particulate  
matter and other pervasive pollutants, poverty, dietary practices, and  
decreased levels of physical activity. Understanding the importance of  
particulate matter—a complex mixture of solid and liquid particles  
suspended in air2—is at the crux of world epidemiological associations  
with short-term and long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

The Lancet 389:10070 675–677, 18 February 2017 - read abstract  
(http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(16)32596-X/abstract)

- o -

16) Fine particulate matter on hospital admissions for acute  
exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in southwestern  
Taiwan during 2006–2012

Su-Lun Hwang, Yu-Ching Lin, Su-Er Guo, Chiang-Ting Chou, Chieh-Mo Lin,  
Miao-Ching Ch

Findings reveal an association between PM2.5 and HAs for AECOPD in  
southwestern Taiwan, particularly during cold season.

International Journal of Environmental Health Research 27:2 2017  
95-105 - read abstract  
(http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09603123.2017.1278748)

- o -

17) Prospective evaluation of respiratory health benefits from reduced  
exposure to airborne particulate matter

Yanhui Hao, Guanghui Zhang, Bin Han, Xiaowen Xu, Nannan Feng, Yong Li,

Our results provide strong evidence for more rigorous air pollution  
controls for the health benefit of populations.

International Journal of Environmental Health Research  27:2 2017  
126-135 - read abstract  
(http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09603123.2017.1292497)

- o -

18) Exposure to PM2.5 induces aberrant activation of NF-κB in human  
airway epithelial cells by downregulating miR-331 expression

Lei Song, Dan Li, Xiaoping Li, Lianjun Ma, Xiaoxue Bai, Zhongmei Wen,  
Xiufang Zhang, Dong Chen, Liping Peng

Our findings may provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms  
underlying the toxicity of PM2.5 exposure and aid in design of new  
therapeutic strategies to prevent PM2.5-induced toxicity.

Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 50, March 2017, 192–199 -  
read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S138266891730042X?dgcid=raven_sd_via_email)

- o -

19) Air pollution, PM2.5 composition, source factors, and respiratory  
symptoms in asthmatic and nonasthmatic children in Santiago, Chile

Laura Prieto-Parra, Karla Yohannessen, Cecilia Brea, Daniella Vidal,  
Carlos A. Ubilla, Pablo Ruiz-Rudolph

Panel study of asthmatic and nonasthmatic children in Santiago, Chile.  
Six source factors were found, including traffic, wood-burning and  
industrial. Positive associations were observed both for asthmatics  
and nonasthmatics. Stronger associations were observed for criteria  
air pollutants. Some results suggest stronger associations for the  
secondary sulfate source factor.

Environment International 101, April 2017, 190–200 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412017301927?dgcid=raven_sd_via_email)

- o -

20) Protection against fine particle-induced pulmonary and systemic  
inflammation by omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids

Xiang-Yong Li, Lei Hao, Ying-Hua Liu, Chih-Yu Chen, Victor J. Pai,  
Jing X. Kang

Inhaled fine particles are visibly shown to penetrate into multiple  
organs. Fine particle exposure induces pulmonary and systemic  
inflammation. Enriched tissue omega-3 levels prevent against  
particle-induced inflammation. Dietary omega-3 supplementation  
ameliorates particle-induced inflammation. Increasing omega-3 intake  
could help manage pollution-related health problems.

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects 1861:3, March  
2017, 577–584 - read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304416516305128)

- o -

----------------------------------------------------------


Compiler and Editor: Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality  
of Life Initiative

10 Montgomery Terrace Road

Sheffield S6 3BU

Tel. 0114 285 9931

Fax 0114 278 7173

Facebook (https://www.facebook.com/barbara.rimmington.3)

Twitter (https://www.twitter.com/b_rimm/)

Website (http://www.sheffieldeastend.org.uk/index.htm)


Visit our archive (https://sheffieldeastend.wordpress.com/)  Our  
archive is now up-to-date.

Follow these links to pages:

Air Quality Monitoring Data  
(https://sheffieldeastend.wordpress.com/air-quality-monitoring-data/)  
(split annually over individual sites)

Tinsley Tribune Newsletters  
(https://sheffieldeastend.wordpress.com/newsletters/tinsley-tribune-newsletters/)

Darnall Herald Newsletters  
(https://sheffieldeastend.wordpress.com/newsletters/darnall-herald-newsletters/)

Handsworth Forum Newsletters  
(https://sheffieldeastend.wordpress.com/newsletters/handsworth-community-forum/)

Reports (https://sheffieldeastend.wordpress.com/reports/)  produced by  
East End Quality of Life Initiative and others

Presentations and reports  
(https://sheffieldeastend.wordpress.com/sheffield-air-quality-conferences/)  
from Sheffield Air Quality Conferences

Media coverage (https://sheffieldeastend.wordpress.com/home/) on air pollution





More information about the news mailing list