[cleanairuk_news] Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update March 2018

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Fri Mar 30 15:30:28 BST 2018


* Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update March 2018 *

By Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality of Life Initiative

(Previous edition - February 2018:  
http://cleanairuk.org/pipermail/news_cleanairuk.org/2018-March/000123.html)

(Index for previous issues:  
http://www.cleanairuk.org/health-air-pollution.html)

*NOTICE*

This is the last edition of Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise.

We'd like to thank Barbara Rimmington at East End Quality of Life  
Initiative for her many years of compiling the newsletters. If you are  
interested in producing a similar compilation for circulation then  
please contact us: contact at cleanairuk.org

Thank-you.

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*CONTENTS*

1) Air Pollution Exposure During Fetal Life, Brain Morphology, and  
Cognitive Function in School-Age Children

2) Effects of prenatal exposure to ambient air pollutant PM10 on  
ultrasound-measured fetal growth

3) Exposure to traffic-related air pollution and acute bronchitis in  
children: season and age as modifiers

4) Ambient Air Pollution and Chronic Bronchitis in a Cohort of U.S. Women

5) Short-term particulate matter exposure influences nasal microbiota  
in a population of healthy subjects

6) Air Pollution and Suicide in 10 Cities in Northeast Asia: A  
Time-Stratified Case-Crossover Analysis

7) Association of air particulate pollution with bone loss over time  
and bone fracture risk: analysis of data from two independent studies

8) Estimating Acute Cardiovascular Effects of Ambient PM2.5 Metals

9) Traffic-Related Air Pollution and All-Cause Mortality during  
Tuberculosis Treatment in California

10) Ultrafine and Fine Particle Number and Surface Area Concentrations  
and Daily Cause-Specific Mortality in the Ruhr Area, Germany, 2009–2014

11) Long-Term Air Pollution Exposure and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  
in Netherlands: A Population-based Case–control Study

12) Urban Particulate Matter Induces Changes in Gene Expression in  
Vascular Endothelial Cells that Are Associated with Altered Clot  
Structure In Vitro

13) Association between PM10, PM2.5, NO2, O3 and self-reported  
diabetes in Italy: A cross-sectional, ecological study

14) Ambient air pollution in relation to diabetes and  
glucose-homoeostasis markers in China: a cross-sectional study with  
findings from the 33 Communities Chinese Health Study

15) Exposures to Atmospheric PM10 and PM10–2.5 Affect Male Semen  
Quality: Results of MARHCS Study

16) The human circulating miRNome reflects multiple organ disease  
risks in association with short-term exposure to traffic-related air  
pollution

17) Particulate Matter Air Pollution and the Risk of Incident CKD and  
Progression to ESRD
Benjamin Bowe, Yan Xie, Tingting Li, Yan Yan, Hong Xian, Ziyad Al-Aly

18) Jargon-busting summaries of key evidence from peer-reviewed  
literature which can be used to strengthen the case for current  
transport policies and practice. Dr Adrian Davis has been key to  
providing evidence to influence  the work of many projects in Bristol  
including Cycling City and the Local Sustainable Transport Fund.

19) Healthy Streets Tools, developed in Nov 2017 for Transport for  
London and published by Lucy Saunders, Consultant in Public Health

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1) Air Pollution Exposure During Fetal Life, Brain Morphology, and  
Cognitive Function in School-Age Children

Mònica Guxens, Małgorzata J. Lubczyńska, Ryan L. Muetzel, Albert  
Dalmau-Bueno, Vincent W.V. Jaddoe, Gerard Hoek, Aad van der Lugt,  
Frank C. Verhulst, Tonya White, Bert Brunekreef, Henning Tiemeier,  
Hanan El Marroun

Exposure to fine particles during fetal life was related to child  
brain structural alterations of the cerebral cortex, and these  
alterations partially mediated the association between exposure to  
fine particles during fetal life and impaired child inhibitory  
control. Such cognitive impairment at early ages could have  
significant long-term consequences.

Biological Psychiatry 2018 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2018.01.016)

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2) Effects of prenatal exposure to ambient air pollutant PM10 on  
ultrasound-measured fetal growth

Nan Zhao, Jie Qiu, Shuangge Ma, Yaqun Zhang, Xiaojuan Lin, Zhongfeng  
Tang, Honghong Zhang, Huang Huang, Ning Ma, Yuan Huang

Our study suggested that prenatal exposure to high levels of ambient  
PM10 increased the risk of abnormal fetal growth. The findings from  
our study have important public health implications and also call for  
future studies to explore the underlying mechanisms and post-natal  
consequences of these findings.

International Journal of Epidemiology, dyy019 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyy019)

3) Exposure to traffic-related air pollution and acute bronchitis in  
children: season and age as modifiers

Lijun Bai, Xi Su, Desheng Zhao, Yanwu Zhang, Qiang Cheng, Heng Zhang,  
Shusi Wang, Mingyu Xie, Hong Su

A significant association of traffic-related air pollution and  
increased department visits for childhood AB was observed, notably in  
school-age children and during the cold season.

Epidemiol Community Health Feb 2018 - read abstract  
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2017-209948)

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4) Ambient Air Pollution and Chronic Bronchitis in a Cohort of U.S. Women

Laura G. Hooper, Michael T. Young, Joshua P. Keller, Adam A. Szpiro,  
Katie M. O’Brien, Dale P. Sandler, Sverre Vedal, Joel D. Kaufman,  
Stephanie J. London

PM10 exposure was related to chronic bronchitis prevalence. Among  
never-smokers, PM2.5 and NO2 exposure was associated with chronic  
bronchitis and component symptoms. Results may have policy  
ramifications for PM10 regulation by providing evidence for  
respiratory health effects related to long-term PM10 exposure.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP2199 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2199)

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5) Short-term particulate matter exposure influences nasal microbiota  
in a population of healthy subjects

Jacopo Mariani, Chiara Favero, Andrea Spinazzè, Domenico Maria  
Cavallo, Michele Carugno, Valeria Motta, Matteo Bonzini, Andrea  
Cattaneo, Angela Cecilia Pesatoria, Valentina Bollati

We evaluated whether PM could induce a dysbiosis in the nasal  
microbiota. PM exposure reduces the diversity within the microbiota  
community. PM alters microbiota homeostasis potentially influencing  
disease development.

Environmental Research 162, April 2018, 119-126 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.12.016)

- o -

6) Air Pollution and Suicide in 10 Cities in Northeast Asia: A  
Time-Stratified Case-Crossover Analysis

Yoonhee Kim, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Yeonseung Chung, Ho Kim, Yasushi  
Honda, Yue Leon Guo, Youn-Hee Lim, Bing-Yu Chen, Lisa A. Page,  
Masahiro Hashizume

Our findings suggest that higher levels of air pollution may be  
associated with suicide, and further research is merited to understand  
the underlying mechanisms.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP2223  - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2223)

- o -

7) Association of air particulate pollution with bone loss over time  
and bone fracture risk: analysis of data from two independent studies

Diddier Prada, Jia Zhong, Elena Colicino, Antonella Zanobetti, Joel  
Schwartz, Nicholas Dagincourt, Shona C Fang, Itai Kloog, Joseph M  
Zmuda, Michael Holick, Luis A Herrera, Lifang Hou, Francesca Dominici,  
Benedetta Bartali, Andrea A Baccarelli,

Our results suggest that poor air quality is a modifiable risk factor  
for bone fractures and osteoporosis, especially in low-income  
communities.

The Lancet 1,8 e337–e347, November 2017 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(17)30136-5)

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8) Estimating Acute Cardiovascular Effects of Ambient PM2.5 Metals

Dongni Ye, Mitchel Klein, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. Russell,  
Rodney Weber, Eric S. Edgerton, Howard H. Chang, Jeremy A. Sarnat,  
Paige E. Tolbert, Stefanie Ebelt Sarnat

Our study suggests cardiovascular effects of certain water-soluble  
metals, particularly water-soluble iron. The observed associations  
with water-soluble iron may also point to certain aspects of traffic  
pollution, when processed by acidifying sulfate, as a mixture harmful  
for cardiovascular health.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP2182 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2182)

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9) Traffic-Related Air Pollution and All-Cause Mortality during  
Tuberculosis Treatment in California

Robert J. Blount, Lisa Pascopella, Donald G. Catanzaro, Pennan M.  
Barry, Paul B. English, Mark R. Segal, Jennifer Flood, Dan Meltzer,  
Brenda Jones, John Balmes, Payam Nahid

Residential proximity to road traffic volumes and traffic density were  
associated with increased all-cause mortality in patients undergoing  
treatment for active tuberculosis even after adjusting for multiple  
demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical factors, suggesting that TB  
patients are susceptible to the adverse health effects of  
traffic-related air pollution.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP1699 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1699)

- o -

10) Ultrafine and Fine Particle Number and Surface Area Concentrations  
and Daily Cause-Specific Mortality in the Ruhr Area, Germany, 2009–2014

Frauke Hennig, Ulrich Quass, Bryan Hellack, Miriam Küpper, Thomas A.  
J. Kuhlbusch, Massimo Stafoggia, Barbara Hoffmann

Size-specific PNC (50–500 nm) and lung-deposited PSC were associated  
with natural and cardiovascular mortality in the Ruhr Area. Although  
associations were similar to those estimated for an IQR increase in  
PM10, particle number size distributions can be linked to emission  
sources, and thus may be more informative for potential public health  
interventions. Moreover, PSC could be used as an alternative metric  
that integrates particle size distribution as well as deposition  
efficiency.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP2054 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2054)

- o -

11) Long-Term Air Pollution Exposure and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  
in Netherlands: A Population-based Case–control Study

Meinie Seelen, Rosario A. Toro Campos, Jan H. Veldink, Anne E. Visser,  
Gerard Hoek, Bert Brunekreef, Anneke J. van der Kooi, Marianne de  
Visser, Joost Raaphorst, Leonard H. van den Berg, Roel C.H. Vermeulen

Based on a large population-based case–control study, we report  
evidence for the association between long-term exposure to  
traffic-related air pollution and increased susceptibility to ALS. Our  
findings further support the necessity for regulatory public health  
interventions to combat air pollution levels and provide additional  
insight into the potential pathophysiology of ALS.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP1115 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1115)

- o -

12) Urban Particulate Matter Induces Changes in Gene Expression in  
Vascular Endothelial Cells that Are Associated with Altered Clot  
Structure In Vitro

Xiaoxi Pan, Yun Yun Gong, Ya Xu, Robert A. S. Ariens, Michael N. Routledge

These changes are consistent with increased procoagulant activity of  
air pollution particulate matter–treated endothelial cells and suggest  
that particulate matter has the potential to promote clot formation  
through changes induced in endothelial genes controlling clot formation.

Thromb Haemost 2018; 118(02): 266-278 - read abstract  
(https://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1160/TH17-05-0362)

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13) Association between PM10, PM2.5, NO2, O3 and self-reported  
diabetes in Italy: A cross-sectional, ecological study

Riccardo Orioli, Giuseppe Cremona, Luisella Ciancarella, Angelo G. Solimini

We observed a significant positive association between each examined  
pollutant and prevalent DM. Risk estimates were consistent with  
current evidence, and robust to sensitivity analysis. Our study adds  
evidence about the effects of air pollution on diabetes and suggests a  
possible role of ozone as an independent factor associated with the  
development of DM. Such relationship is of great interest for public  
health and deserves further investigation.

PlosOne January 17, 2018 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191112)

- o -

14) Ambient air pollution in relation to diabetes and  
glucose-homoeostasis markers in China: a cross-sectional study with  
findings from the 33 Communities Chinese Health Study

Bo-Yi Yang, Zhengmin (Min) Qian, Shanshan Li, Gongbo Chen, Michael S  
Bloom, Michael Elliott, Kevin W Syberg, Joachim Heinrich, Iana  
Markevych, Si-Quan Wang, Da Chen, Huimin Ma, Duo-Hong Chen, Yimin Liu,  
Mika Komppula, Ari Leskinen, Kang-Kang Liu, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Guang-Hui  
Dong

Long-term exposure to air pollution was associated with increased risk  
of diabetes in a Chinese population, particularly in individuals who  
were younger or overweight or obese.

The Lancet Planetary Health 2:2 February 2018, e64-e73 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(18)30001-9)

- o -

15) Exposures to Atmospheric PM10 and PM10–2.5 Affect Male Semen  
Quality: Results of MARHCS Study

Niya Zhou, Changtan Jiang, Qing Chen, Huan Yang, Xiaogang Wang, Peng  
Zou, Lei Sun, Jiaojiao Liu, Ling Li, Lianbing Li, Linping Huang,  
Hongqiang Chen, Lin Ao, Ziyuan Zhou, Jinyi Liu, Zhihong Cui, Jia Cao

Our results provide the evidence that air PM10 and PM10–2.5 exposures,  
not PM2.5, are risk factors of semen quality.

Environ. Sci. Technol. 52, 3, 1571-1581 - read abstract  
(https://pubs.acs.org/action/showCitFormats?doi=10.1021%2Facs.est.7b05206)

- o -

16) The human circulating miRNome reflects multiple organ disease  
risks in association with short-term exposure to traffic-related air  
pollution

Julian Krauskopf, Florian Caiment, Karinvan Veldhoven, Marc  
Chadeau-Hyam, Rudy Sinharay, Kian Fan Chung, Paul Cullinan, Peter  
Collins, Benjamin Barratt, Frank J.Kelly, Roel Vermeulen, Paolo  
Vineis, Theo M.de Kok, Jos C.Kleinjans

Analysis of circulating miRNAs in a human population exposed to  
traffic pollution. The study revealed 54 miRNAs that were affected  
already after 2 h of exposure. These miRNAs are involved in the  
molecular processes of exposure-related diseases. This study  
highlights circulating miRNA profiles as promising sensitive biomarkers.

Environment International 113, April 2018, 26-34 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.01.014)

- o -

17) Particulate Matter Air Pollution and the Risk of Incident CKD and  
Progression to ESRD
Benjamin Bowe, Yan Xie, Tingting Li, Yan Yan, Hong Xian, Ziyad Al-Aly

Our findings demonstrate a significant association between exposure to  
PM2.5 and risk of incident CKD, eGFR decline, and ESRD.

J Am Soc Nephrol 28 2017 - read article  
(https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5e33/ead6a09818b4ed38d3dbb6b28aeeca14203e.pdf)

- o -

18) Jargon-busting summaries of key evidence from peer-reviewed  
literature which can be used to strengthen the case for current  
transport policies and practice. Dr Adrian Davis has been key to  
providing evidence to influence  the work of many projects in Bristol  
including Cycling City and the Local Sustainable Transport Fund.

Read more (https://travelwest.info/essentialevidence) ...

19) Healthy Streets Tools, developed in Nov 2017 for Transport for  
London, but applicable anywhere - download the guides  
(https://healthystreets.com/home/healthy-streets-in-policy/) published  
by Lucy Saunders, Consultant in Public Health

Urban design, transport, and health series in the Lancet, Sept 2016 -  
read articles (http://www.thelancet.com/series/urban-design)

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----------------------------------------------------------

Compiler and Editor: Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality  
of Life Initiative

10 Montgomery Terrace Road

Sheffield S6 3BU

Tel. 0114 285 9931

Fax 0114 278 7173

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Twitter (https://www.twitter.com/b_rimm/)

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