[cleanairuk_news] Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update November 2017

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Wed Nov 22 17:48:27 GMT 2017


* Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update November 2017 *

By Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality of Life Initiative

(Previous edition - October 2017:  
http://cleanairuk.org/pipermail/news_cleanairuk.org/2017-November/000119.html)

(Index for previous issues:  
http://www.cleanairuk.org/health-air-pollution.html)

*CONTENTS*

1) Pregnancy and Lifetime Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and  
Infant Mortality in Massachusetts, 2001–2007

2) Association between PM2.5 and PM2.5 Constituents and Preterm  
Delivery in California, 2000–2006

3) Recent versus chronic fine particulate air pollution exposure as  
determinant of the retinal microvasculature in school children

4) Longitudinal association between air pollution exposure at school  
and cognitive development in school children over a period of 3.5 years

5) The impact of prenatal exposure to air pollution on childhood  
wheezing and asthma: A systematic review

6) Association between particulate matter concentration and symptoms  
of atopic dermatitis in children living in an industrial urban area of  
South Korea

7) Traffic-related air pollution and childhood obesity in an Italian  
birth cohort

8) Residential exposure to vehicular traffic-related air pollution  
during childhood and breast cancer risk

9) Acute effects of ambient air pollution on lower respiratory  
infections in Hanoi children: An eight-year time series study

10) Long-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Incidence of  
Postmenopausal Breast Cancer in 15 European Cohorts within the ESCAPE  
Project

11) A county-level estimate of PM2.5 related chronic mortality risk in  
China based on multi-model exposure data

12) Long-term Fine Particulate Matter Exposure and Nonaccidental and  
Cause-specific Mortality in a Large National Cohort of Chinese Men

13) Short-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Biomarkers of  
Systemic Inflammation

14) Fine particulate matter constituents and blood pressure in  
patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A panel study in  
Shanghai, China

15) Consumption of fruit and vegetables might mitigate the adverse  
effects of ambient PM2.5 on lung function among adults

16) Fine particulate matter and cardiovascular disease: Comparison of  
assessment methods for long-term exposure

17) Associations between fine particulate matter and mortality in the  
2001 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort

18) Long-Term Exposure to Road Traffic Noise and Nitrogen Dioxide and  
Risk of Heart Failure: A Cohort Study

19) Effects of NO2 exposure on daily mortality in São Paulo, Brazil

20) Ambient air pollution and daily hospital admissions for mental  
disorders in Shanghai, China

21) Are greenhouse gas emissions and cognitive skills related?  
Cross-country evidence

22) Tackling the mortality from long-term exposure to outdoor air  
pollution in megacities: Lessons from the Greater Cairo case study

23) DNA methylation and exposure to ambient air pollution in two  
prospective cohorts

24) Assessment of long-term and large-scale even-odd license plate  
controlled plan effects on urban air quality and its implication

25) Green spaces are not all the same for the provision of air  
purification and climate regulation services: The case of urban parks

26) The influence of roadside solid and vegetation barriers on  
near-road air quality

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1) Pregnancy and Lifetime Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and  
Infant Mortality in Massachusetts, 2001–2007

Ji-Young Son, Hyung Joo Lee, Petros Koutrakis, Michelle L Bell

We did not observe a statistically significant relationship between  
gestational exposure and mortality. Our findings provide supportive  
evidence that lifetime exposure to PM2.5 increases risk of infant  
mortality.

American Journal of Epidemiology Nov 2017 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx015)

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2) Association between PM2.5 and PM2.5 Constituents and Preterm  
Delivery in California, 2000–2006

Rupa Basu, Dharshani Pearson, Keita Ebisu, Brian Malig

PM2.5 constituents ammonium, nitrate and bromine, often linked to  
traffic and biomass combustion, were most associated with increased  
risk of preterm delivery in California. Certain demographic subgroups  
may be particularly impacted.

Paediatr. Perinat. Epidemiol., 31: 424–434 - read abstract  
(http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ppe.12380/full)

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3) Recent versus chronic fine particulate air pollution exposure as  
determinant of the retinal microvasculature in school children

Eline B.Provost, LucInt Panis, Nelly D.Saenen, Michal Kicinski, Tijs  
Louwies, Karen Vrijens, Patrick De Boever, Tim S.Nawrot

Children's retinal blood vessel diameters respond to recent PM2.5  
exposure. Repeated design with multiple retinal microvascular  
examinations in each child. Integrative exposure assessment at school  
and at home. Microvascular changes may be an early phenotypic marker  
for disease development.

Environmental Research 159, November 2017, 103-110 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.07.027)

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4) Longitudinal association between air pollution exposure at school  
and cognitive development in school children over a period of 3.5 years

Joan Forns, Payam Dadvand, Mikel Esnaola, Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, Mònica  
López-Vicente, Raquel Garcia-Esteban, Marta Cirach, Xavier Basagaña,  
Mònica Guxens, Jordi Sunyer

Long-term association between TRAPs at school and cognitive  
development in schoolchildren. TRAPs at school were measured during  
the 2012/2013 assessment. Cognitive development (working memory) was  
assessed by a computerized n-back task. All TRAPs levels at school  
were negatively associated with cognitive development. A reduction of  
10%–20% per year in cognitive growth was observed due to TRAPs exposure.

Environmental Research 159, November 2017, 416-421 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.08.031)

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5) The impact of prenatal exposure to air pollution on childhood  
wheezing and asthma: A systematic review

Zhang Hehua, Chang Qing, Gao Shanyan, Wu Qijun, Zhao Yuhong

The first and complete systematic review and analysis of prenatal air  
pollution exposure on children's wheeze and asthma, which should be  
pay more attention and action. Typical study of air pollution on human  
health. Children's respiratory health should be concerned and air  
pollution control should be taken action.

Environmental Research 159, November 2017, 519-530 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.08.038)

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6) Association between particulate matter concentration and symptoms  
of atopic dermatitis in children living in an industrial urban area of  
South Korea

Inbo Oh, Jiho Lee, Kangmo Ahn, Jihyun Kim, Young-Min Kim, Chang Sun  
Sim, Yangho Kim

Twenty-one children were observed daily for atopic dermatitis (AD)  
symptoms with PM measurement. PM exposure was significantly associated  
with the exacerbation of AD symptoms. PM2.5 had a stronger effect than  
PM10 on exacerbation of AD symptoms.

Environmental Research 160, January 2018, 462–468 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.10.030)

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7) Traffic-related air pollution and childhood obesity in an Italian  
birth cohort

Sara Fioravanti, Giulia Cesaroni, Chiara Badaloni, Paola Michelozzi,  
Francesco Forastiere

Few studies analyse the association between air pollution and children  
BMI. We modelled traffic-related air pollution with land-use  
regression models. Inverse Probability Weighting (IPW) has been used  
to control for selection bias. No association was found between  
pollutants and ponderal excess parameters.

Environmental Research 160, January 2018, 479–486 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.10.003)

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8) Residential exposure to vehicular traffic-related air pollution  
during childhood and breast cancer risk

Shahar Shmuel, Alexandra J.White, Dale P.Sandler

Evaluated the association of residential childhood air pollution with  
breast cancer. Traffic-related characteristics were not consistently  
associated with breast cancer. Living on/near a road divided by a  
barrier during childhood was associated increased risk.

Environmental Research 159, November 2017, 257-263 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.08.015)

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9) Acute effects of ambient air pollution on lower respiratory  
infections in Hanoi children: An eight-year time series study

Nguyen Thi Trang Nhung, Christian Schindler, Tran Minh Dien, Nicole  
Probst-Hensch, Laura Perez, Nino Künzli

Study examined association between ambient air pollution and lower  
respiratory infection in children. An eight-year time-series study  
with 57′851 hospital admissions. All markers of ambient air pollution  
were positively associated with pneumonia related hospitalizations.  
Associations observed for nitrogen dioxide with pneumonia were  
independent of those seen for particles.

Environment International 110, January 2018, 139–148 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.10.024)

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10) Long-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Incidence of  
Postmenopausal Breast Cancer in 15 European Cohorts within the ESCAPE  
Project

Zorana J. Andersen, Massimo Stafoggia, Gudrun Weinmayr, Marie  
Pedersen, Claudia Galassi, Jeanette T. Jørgensen, Anna Oudin, Bertil  
Forsberg, David Olsson, Bente Oftedal, Gunn Marit Aasvang, Geir  
Aamodt, Andrei Pyko, Göran Pershagen, Michal Korek, Ulf De Faire,  
Nancy L. Pedersen, Claes-Göran Östenson, Laura Fratiglioni, Kirsten T.  
Eriksen, Anne Tjønneland, Petra H. Peeters, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita,  
Michelle Plusquin, Timothy J. Key, Andrea Jaensch, Gabriele Nagel,  
Alois Lang, Meng Wang, Ming-Yi Tsai, Agnes Fournier, Marie-Christine  
Boutron-Ruault, Laura Baglietto, Sara Grioni, Alessandro Marcon,  
Vittorio Krogh, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote, Enrica Migliore,  
Ibon Tamayo-Uria, Pilar Amiano, Miren Dorronsoro, Roel Vermeulen,  
Ranjeet Sokhi, Menno Keuken, Kees de Hoogh, Rob Beelen, Paolo Vineis,  
Giulia Cesaroni, Bert Brunekreef, Gerard Hoek, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen

We found suggestive evidence of an association between ambient air  
pollution and incidence of postmenopausal breast cancer in European  
women.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP1742 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1742)

- o -

11) A county-level estimate of PM2.5 related chronic mortality risk in  
China based on multi-model exposure data

Qing Wang, Jiaonan Wang, Mike Z. He, Patrick L. Kinney, Tiantian Li

Premature deaths attributable to PM2.5 in China amounted to 1.27  
million in the year 2010. Half of the premature deaths were from  
counties with annual PM2.5 concentrations above 63.61 μg/m3, covering  
16.97% of China. The PM2.5 related mortality rate is 61.0/105 in the  
cleanest areas and 120.7/105 in the most polluted areas. Counties with  
high premature mortality were largely located in heavily polluted and  
densely populated regions. More than 58% of premature deaths were from  
the elderly group (aged 65 or more).

Environment International 110, January 2018, 105–112 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.10.015)

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12) Long-term Fine Particulate Matter Exposure and Nonaccidental and  
Cause-specific Mortality in a Large National Cohort of Chinese Men

Peng Yin, Michael Brauer, Aaron Cohen, Richard T. Burnett, Jiangmei  
Liu, Yunning Liu, Ruiming Liang, Weihua Wang, Jinlei Qi, Lijun Wang,  
Maigeng Zhou

Long-term exposure to PM2.5 was associated with nonaccidental, CVD,  
lung cancer, and COPD mortality in China. The IER estimator may  
underestimate the excess relative risk of cause-specific mortality due  
to long-term exposure to PM2.5 over the exposure range experienced in  
China and other low- and middle-income countries.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP1673 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1673)

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13) Short-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Biomarkers of  
Systemic Inflammation

The Framingham Heart Study

Wenyuan Li, Kirsten S. Dorans, Elissa H. Wilker, Mary B. Rice, Petter  
L. Ljungman, Joel D. Schwartz, Brent A. Coull, Petros Koutrakis, Diane  
R. Gold, John F. Keaney, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Emelia J. Benjamin,  
Murray A. Mittleman

Higher short-term exposure to relatively low levels of ambient air  
pollution was associated with higher levels of C-reactive protein,  
interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 but not fibrinogen  
or tumor necrosis factor α in individuals residing in the greater  
Boston area.

Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology September 2017,  
37:9 1793-1800 - read abstract  
(http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/37/9/1793)

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14) Fine particulate matter constituents and blood pressure in  
patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A panel study in  
Shanghai, China

Zhijing Lin, Yue Niu, Renjie Chen, Wenxi Xu, Huichu Li, Cong Liu, Jing  
Cai, Zhuohui Zhao, Haidong Kana, Liping Qiao

A short-term exposure to PM2.5 was significantly associated with  
elevated BP levels. Most constituents of PM2.5 were associated with  
increased BP in single-constituent model. OC, EC, NO3−, and NH4+ were  
robustly positively associated with the increased BP. The association  
between PM2.5 and BP was statistically significant only at lag 0 day.

Environmental Research 159, November 2017, 291-296 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.08.024)

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15) Consumption of fruit and vegetables might mitigate the adverse  
effects of ambient PM2.5 on lung function among adults

Hualiang Lin, Yanfei Guo, Qian Di, Yang Zheng, Hong Xian, Xing Li, Tao  
Liu, Jianpeng Xiao, Weilin Zeng, Steven W.Howard. Michael G.Vaughn,  
Zhengmin (Min) Qian, Wenjun Ma, Fan Wu

We examined the effects of PM2.5 on lung function among adults. PM2.5  
was associated with lower levels of FVC, FEV1 and FEV25-75. Fruit and  
vegetables could mitigate these effects.

Environmental Research 160, January 2018, 77-82 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.09.007)

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16) Fine particulate matter and cardiovascular disease: Comparison of  
assessment methods for long-term exposure

Laura A.McGuinn, Cavin Ward-Caviness, Lucas M.Neas, Alexandra  
Schneider, Qian Di, Alexandra Chudnovsky, Joel Schwartz, Petros  
Koutrakis, Armistead G.Russell, Val Garcia, William E.Kraus, Elizabeth  
R.Hauser, Wayne Cascio, David Diaz-Sanchez, Robert B.Devlin

We compare long-term PM2.5-CVD associations using five exposure  
assessment methods. The study population consisted of 5679 cardiac  
catheterization patients. We stratified associations by urban/rural  
status. PM2.5 associated with coronary artery disease for all exposure  
methods.

Environmental Research 159, November 2017, 16-23 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.07.041)

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17) Associations between fine particulate matter and mortality in the  
2001 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort

Lauren L.Pinault, Scott Weichenthal, Daniel L.Crouse, Michael Brauer,  
Anders Erickson, Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V.Martin, Perry Hystad,  
Hong Cheni, Philippe Finès, Jeffrey R.Brook, Michael Tjepkema, Richard  
T.Burnett

Associations between PM2.5 and mortality were examined in a new  
Canadian cohort. Hazard ratios between NAC mortality and PM2.5 were  
1.18 per 10 μg/m3 increase. The shape of the concentration-response  
curve was non-linear for all causes of death examined.

Environmental Research 159, November 2017, 406-415 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.08.037)

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18) Long-Term Exposure to Road Traffic Noise and Nitrogen Dioxide and  
Risk of Heart Failure: A Cohort Study

Mette Sørensen, Olav Wendelboe Nielsen, Ahmad Sajadieh, Matthias  
Ketzel, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen

Long-term exposure to NO2 and road traffic noise was associated with  
higher risk of heart failure, mainly among men, in both single- and  
two-pollutant models. High exposure to both pollutants was associated  
with highest risk.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP1272 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1272)

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19) Effects of NO2 exposure on daily mortality in São Paulo, Brazil

Amine Farias Costa, Gerard Hoek, Bert Brunekreef, Antonio Carlos  
Monteiro Ponce de Leon

The Cumulative Risk Index (CRI), a relatively novel approach in a  
mortality time series study, was calculated; NO2 have an effect on  
non-accidental and circulatory deaths, which is independent from PM10,  
CO and O3; CRI suggests that a single pollutant does not represent the  
full effect of the air pollutant mixture.

Environmental Research 159, November 2017, 539-544 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.08.041)

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20) Ambient air pollution and daily hospital admissions for mental  
disorders in Shanghai, China

Chen Chen, Cong Liu, Renjie Chen, Weibing Wang, Weihua Li, Haidong  
Kan, Chaowei Fu

Limited evidence on association between air pollution and mental  
disorders. Increased risk of admissions for mental disorders  
associated with PM10, SO2, and CO. Associations of air pollutants were  
generally stronger in warm period.

Science of The Total Environment 613–614, 1 February 2018, 324-330 -  
read abstract (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.098)

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21) Are greenhouse gas emissions and cognitive skills related?  
Cross-country evidence

Bekhzod Omanbayev, Raufhon Salahodjaev, Richard Lynn

This study explores the link between cognitive skills at a national  
level and air pollution. This study finds that cognitive skills are  
inversely related to air pollution. The results hold for a number of  
robustness tests.

Environmental Research 160, January 2018, 322-330 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.10.004)

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22) Tackling the mortality from long-term exposure to outdoor air  
pollution in megacities: Lessons from the Greater Cairo case study

Ali Wheida, Amira Nasser, Mostafa El Nazer, Agnes Borbon, Gehad A.Abo  
El Ata, Magdy Abdel Wahab, Stephane C.Alfaro

Mortality due to long-term exposure to air pollution in Greater Cairo  
is estimated. Air-suspended matter (PM2.5) is the most severe problem.  
At least from 10240 to 15930 people die each year of exposure to  
PM2.5. From 7850 to 10470 die of exposure to NO2.

Environmental Research 160, January 2018, 223-231 -read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.09.028)

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23) DNA methylation and exposure to ambient air pollution in two  
prospective cohorts

Michelle Plusquin, Florence Guida, Silvia Polidoro, Roel Vermeulen,  
Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Gianluca Campanella, Gerard Hoek, Soterios  
A.Kyrtopoulos, Panagiotis Georgiadis, Alessio Naccarati, Carlotta  
Sacerdote, Vittorio Krogh, H.Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, W.M.Monique  
Verschurenm, Sergi Sayols-Baixeras, Tommaso Panni, Annette Peters,  
Dennie G.A.J.Hebels, Marc Chadeau-Hyam

We studied the effects of long-term exposure to air pollutants on DNA  
methylation. A consistent global hypomethylation was observed for  
exposure to ambient NO2 and NOx. This hypomethylation was observed for  
CpG island's shores, shelves and gene bodies. No CpG sites were  
epigenome-wide significant in a combined analysis of a low and high  
exposed cohort.

Environment International 108, November 2017, 127-136 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.08.006)

- o -

24) Assessment of long-term and large-scale even-odd license plate  
controlled plan effects on urban air quality and its implication

Suping Zhao, Ye Yu, Dahe Qin, Daiying Yin, Jianjun He

Effect of even-odd license plate controlled plan on urban air quality  
was studied. A new method quantifying the traffic control results was  
developed. Impact of the control measures on AQI and O3 concentrations  
was less. CO, NO2/SO2 and PM2.5 have large decreases of 15–23% due to  
traffic controls.

Atmospheric Environment 170, December 2017, 82-95 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.09.041)

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25) Green spaces are not all the same for the provision of air  
purification and climate regulation services: The case of urban parks

Joana Vieira, Paula Matos, Teresa Mexia, Patrícia Silva,Nuno Lopes,  
Catarina Freitas, Otília Correia, Margarida Santos-Reis, Cristina  
Branquinho, Pedro Pinho

Air purification and climate regulation were quantified in an urban  
green space. Different vegetation types shown different capacities to  
provide these services. Original woodland presented the higher  
ecosystem services provision. Vegetation structure, composition and  
management matter to services provision. Nature-based solutions in  
urban areas can optimize local climate and air quality.

Environmental Research 160, January 2018, 306-313 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.10.006)

- o -

26) The influence of roadside solid and vegetation barriers on  
near-road air quality

Masoud Ghasemian Seyedmorteza Amini, Marko Princevac

The Influence of roadside barriers on the near-road air quality was  
investigated. RANS technique coupled with the k−ε realizable  
turbulence model was utilized. Vegetation barrier depending on LAD can  
improve or deteriorate the air quality. The dense canopy can improve  
the near-road air quality by inducing vertical mixing.

Atmospheric Environment 170, December 2017, 108-117 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.09.028)


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----------------------------------------------------------

Compiler and Editor: Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality  
of Life Initiative

10 Montgomery Terrace Road

Sheffield S6 3BU

Tel. 0114 285 9931

Fax 0114 278 7173

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