[cleanairuk_news] Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update October 2017

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Wed Nov 22 17:45:44 GMT 2017


* Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update October 2017 *

By Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality of Life Initiative

(Previous edition - September 2017:  
http://cleanairuk.org/pipermail/news_cleanairuk.org/2017-September/000118.html)

(Index for previous issues:  
http://www.cleanairuk.org/health-air-pollution.html)

*CONTENTS*

1) The Lancet Commission on pollution and health

2) Residential road traffic noise and general mental health in youth:  
The role of noise annoyance, neighborhood restorative quality,  
physical activity, and social cohesion as potential mediators

3) Exposure to elemental composition of outdoor PM2.5 at birth and  
cognitive and psychomotor function in childhood in four European birth  
cohorts

4) Investigating the Impact of Maternal Residential Mobility on  
Identifying Critical Windows of Susceptibility to Ambient Air  
Pollution During Pregnancy

5) Impact of commuting exposure to traffic-related air pollution on  
cognitive development in children walking to school

6) Associations between Ambient Fine Particulate Oxidative Potential  
and Cardiorespiratory Emergency Department Visits

7) Long-Term PM2.5 Exposure and Respiratory, Cancer, and  
Cardiovascular Mortality in Older US Adults

8) Exposure to particulate matter air pollution and risk of multiple  
sclerosis in two large cohorts of US nurses

9) Land cover and air pollution are associated with asthma  
hospitalisations: A cross-sectional study

10) Effects of long-term exposure to particulate matter and metal  
components on mortality in the Rome longitudinal study

11) Maternal Exposure of BALB/c Mice to Indoor NO2 and Allergic Asthma  
Syndrome in Offspring at Adulthood with Evaluation of DNA Methylation  
Associated Th2 Polarization

12) Particulate Matter Air Pollution and the Risk of Incident CKD and  
Progression to ESRD

13) Changes in Transportation-Related Air Pollution Exposures by  
Race-Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status: Outdoor Nitrogen Dioxide in  
the United States in 2000 and 2010

14) Acute effects of fine particulate matter constituents on  
mortality: A systematic review and meta-regression analysis

- o -

1) The Lancet Commission on pollution and health

The Lancet Commission on pollution and health addresses the full  
health and economic costs of air, water, and soil pollution. Through  
analyses of existing and emerging data, the Commission reveals  
pollution’s severe and underreported contribution to the Global Burden  
of Disease. It uncovers the economic costs of pollution to low-income  
and middle-income countries. The Commission will inform key decision  
makers around the world about the burden that pollution places on  
health and economic development, and about available cost-effective  
pollution control solutions and strategies.

The Lancet October 2017 - read report  
(http://www.thelancet.com/commissions/pollution-and-health)

- o -

2) Residential road traffic noise and general mental health in youth:  
The role of noise annoyance, neighborhood restorative quality,  
physical activity, and social cohesion as potential mediators

Angel Dzhambov, Boris Tilov, Iana Markevych, Donka Dimitrova

Higher noise exposure was associated with worse mental health only  
indirectly. Noise annoyance and physical activity were single  
mediators. Annoyance and social cohesion were serial mediators.  
Annoyance, neighborhood restorative quality and social  
cohesion/physical activity were serial mediators. No firm conclusions  
can be drawn about the direction of these associations

Environment International 109, December 2017, 1-9 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.09.009)

- o -

3) Exposure to elemental composition of outdoor PM2.5 at birth and  
cognitive and psychomotor function in childhood in four European birth  
cohorts

Małgorzata J.Lubczyńska, Jordi Sunyer, Henning Tiemeier, Daniela Port,  
Monika Kasper-Sonnenberg, Vincent W.V.Jaddoe, Xavier Basagaña, Albert  
Dalmau-Bueno, Francesco Forastiere, Jürgen Wittsiepe, Barbara  
Hoffmann, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Gerard Hoek. Kees de Hoog, Bert  
Brunekreef, Mònica Guxens

Levels and composition of outdoor PM2.5 in Europe. We estimated  
elemental composition of outdoor PM2.5 at birth in four birth cohorts.  
We assessed child cognitive and psychomotor functions between 1 and 9  
years of age. Ambient iron exposure at birth was negatively associated  
with fine motor function. Iron is one of the main components of  
motorized traffic air pollution.

Environment International 109, December 2017,  170-180 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.09.015)

- o -

4) Investigating the Impact of Maternal Residential Mobility on  
Identifying Critical Windows of Susceptibility to Ambient Air  
Pollution During Pregnancy

Joshua L. Warren, Ji-Young Son, Gavin Pereira, Brian P. Leaderer,  
Michelle L. Bell

Increased PM10 exposure during pregnancy weeks 16–18 is associated  
with an increased probability of term low birth weight. Ignoring  
residential mobility when defining weekly exposure has only minor  
impact on the identification of critical windows for PM10 and term low  
birth weight in the data application and simulation study.

American Journal of Epidemiology October 2017 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx335)

- o -

5) Impact of commuting exposure to traffic-related air pollution on  
cognitive development in children walking to school

Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, Ioar Rivas, Mònica López-Vicente, Elisabet  
Suades-González, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Marta Cirach, Montserrat de  
Castro, Mikel Esnaola, Xavier Basagaña, Payam Dadvand, Mark  
Nieuwenhuijsen, Jordi Sunyer

We estimated air pollution exposure during commuting by foot of 1,234  
children. PM2.5 and BC levels were associated with diminished growth  
of working memory. No significant associations were observed between  
NO2 levels and working memory, or between air pollution levels and  
inattentiveness. Our findings support the implementation of policies  
for cleaner walking routes to school.

Environmental Pollution 231,1 December 2017 837-844 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749117318997)

- o -

6) Associations between Ambient Fine Particulate Oxidative Potential  
and Cardiorespiratory Emergency Department Visits

Joseph Y. Abrams, Rodney J. Weber, Mitchel Klein, Stefanie E. Samat,  
Howard H. Chang, Matthew J. Strickland, Vishal Verma, Ting Fang,  
Josephine T. Bates, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. Russell, Paige  
E. Tolbert

Lag 0–2 OPDTT was associated with ED visits for multiple  
cardiorespiratory outcomes, providing support for the utility of OPDTT  
as a measure of fine particle toxicity.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP1545 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1545)

- o -

7) Long-Term PM2.5 Exposure and Respiratory, Cancer, and  
Cardiovascular Mortality in Older US Adults

Vivian C Pun, Fatemeh Kazemiparkouhi, Justin Manjourides, Helen H Suh

In this large cohort of US elderly, we provide important new evidence  
that long-term PM2.5 exposure is significantly related to increased  
mortality from respiratory disease, lung cancer, and cardiovascular  
disease.

American Journal of Epidemiology 186:8, 15 October 2017 961–969 - read  
abstract (https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx166)

- o -

8) Exposure to particulate matter air pollution and risk of multiple  
sclerosis in two large cohorts of US nurses

N.Palacios, K.L.Munger, C.Fitzgerald, J.E.Hart, T.Chitnis, A.Ascherio, F.Laden

We estimated the risk of MS associated with PM10, PM2.5 and PM2.5-10  
in a two large prospective studies. We conducted sensitivity analyses  
stratified by smoking, region of the US, and age, as well as analyses  
restricted to women who did not move during the study. We did not  
observe significant associations between air pollution and MS risk in  
our cohorts.

Environment International 109, December 2017, 64-72 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.07.013)

- o -

9) Land cover and air pollution are associated with asthma  
hospitalisations: A cross-sectional study

Ian Alcock, Mathew White, Mark Cherrie, Benedict Wheeler, Jonathon  
Taylor, Rachel McInnes, Eveline Otte, Kampee Sotiris Vardoulakis,  
Christophe SarrandIreneous Soyiri, Lora Fleming

Natural environments in urban areas were associated with less asthma  
hospitalisation. These associations varied by coexisting background  
air pollution concentration. Green space/gardens were associated with  
less asthma when NO2/PM2.5 was lower. Urban trees were associated with  
less asthma when NO2/PM2.5 was higher.

Environment International 109, December 2017, 29-41 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.08.009)

- o -

10) Effects of long-term exposure to particulate matter and metal  
components on mortality in the Rome longitudinal study

Chiara Badalonia, Giulia Cesaronia, Francesco Cerza, Marina Davoli,  
Bert Brunekreef, Francesco Forastiere

PM10, PM2.5, PM absorbance and all the components of particulate  
matter (PM) were positively associated with mortality. PM2.5Cu,  
PM2.5Zn, PM10Fe, and PM10Ni showed the strongest association with  
mortality, especially from Ischemic Heart Disease. The results were  
robust to model specification and adjustment for PM mass. The results  
for PM2.5Zn, PM10Ni, and PM10V were also robust to NO2 adjustment.  
Long-term exposure to metals originating from non-tailpipe and  
industrial emissions were associated Ischemic Heart Disease.

Environment International 109, December 2017, 146-154 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.09.005)

- o -

11) Maternal Exposure of BALB/c Mice to Indoor NO2 and Allergic Asthma  
Syndrome in Offspring at Adulthood with Evaluation of DNA Methylation  
Associated Th2 Polarization

Huifeng Yue, Wei Yan, Xiaotong Ji, Rui Gao, Juan Ma, Ziyu Rao, Guangke  
Li, Nan Sang

Maternal exposure to indoor environmental NO2 causes allergic  
asthma-related consequences in offspring absent any subsequent lung  
provocation and potentiates the symptoms of allergic asthma in adult  
offspring following postnatal allergic sensitization and challenge;  
this response is associated with the Th2-based immune response and DNA  
methylation of the IL4 gene.

Environ Health Perspect Sept 2017 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP685)

- o -

12) Particulate Matter Air Pollution and the Risk of Incident CKD and  
Progression to ESRD

Benjamin Bowe, Yan Xie, Tingting Li, Yan Yan, Hong Xian, Ziyad Al-Aly

Our findings demonstrate a significant association between exposure to  
PM2.5 and risk of incident CKD, eGFR decline, and ESRD.

JASN September 21, 2017 - read article  
(http://jasn.asnjournals.org/content/early/2017/09/21/ASN.2017030253.full)

- o -

13) Changes in Transportation-Related Air Pollution Exposures by  
Race-Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status: Outdoor Nitrogen Dioxide in  
the United States in 2000 and 2010

Lara P. Clark, Dylan B. Millet, Julian D. Marshall

Findings suggest that absolute NO2 exposure disparities by  
race-ethnicity decreased from 2000 to 2010, but relative NO2 exposure  
disparities persisted, with higher NO2 concentrations for nonwhites  
than whites in 2010.

Environ Health Perspect Sept 2017 - read article  
(https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP959)

- o -

14) Acute effects of fine particulate matter constituents on  
mortality: A systematic review and meta-regression analysis

Souzana Achilleos, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Chih-Da Wu, Joel  
D.Schwartz, Petros Koutrakis, Stefania I.Papatheodorou

A meta-analysis of acute effects of PM2.5 constituents on mortality  
was conducted. EC and K had the strongest and most consistent  
association with mortality. Single lag studies underestimate effects.  
Mortality effects of PM2.5 and constituents differ across regions.

Environment International 109, December 2017, 89-100 - read abstract  
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.09.010)

- o -

----------------------------------------------------------

Compiler and Editor: Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality  
of Life Initiative

10 Montgomery Terrace Road

Sheffield S6 3BU

Tel. 0114 285 9931

Fax 0114 278 7173

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