[cleanairuk_news] Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update February 2016

contact at cleanairuk.org contact at cleanairuk.org
Tue Mar 22 18:15:41 GMT 2016


* Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update February 2016 *

By Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality of Life Initiative

(Previous edition - January 2015:
http://cleanairuk.org/pipermail/news_cleanairuk.org/2016-February/000095.html)

(Index for previous issues:
http://www.cleanairuk.org/health-air-pollution.html)

*CONTENTS*

1) Historic air pollution exposure and long-term mortality risks in  
England and Wales: prospective longitudinal cohort study

2) Long term effects of residential NOx exposure on total and  
cause-specific mortality and incidence of myocardial infarction in a  
Swedish cohort

3) Near-Roadway Air Pollution and Coronary Heart Disease: Burden of  
Disease and Potential Impact of a Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy in  
Southern California

4) Association between prenatal exposure to traffic-related air  
pollution and preterm birth in the PELAGIE mother–child cohort,  
Brittany, France. Does the urban–rural context matter?

5) Geographic Variation in the Association between Ambient Fine  
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) and Term Low Birth Weight in the United  
States

6) Associations of Pregnancy Outcomes and PM2.5 in a National Canadian Study

7) Prenatal Exposure to NO2 and Ultrasound Measures of Fetal Growth in  
the Spanish INMA Cohort

8) Exposure to Road Traffic Noise and Behavioral Problems in  
7-Year-Old Children: A Cohort Study

9) The association between greenness and traffic-related air pollution  
at schools

10) Air pollution and childhood bronchitis: Interaction with  
xenobiotic, immune regulatory and DNA repair genes

11) A Critical Proton MR Spectroscopy Marker of Alzheimer’s Disease  
Early Neurodegenerative Change: Low Hippocampal NAA/Cr Ratio Impacts  
APOE ɛ4 Mexico City Children and Their Parents

12) Mexico City normal weight children exposed to high concentrations  
of ambient PM2.5 show high blood leptin and endothelin-1, vitamin D  
deficiency, and food reward hormone dysregulation versus low pollution  
controls. Relevance for obesity and Alzheimer disease

13) Can air pollution trigger an onset of atrial fibrillation: a  
population-based study

14) Fine particulate air pollution, nitrogen dioxide, and systemic  
autoimmune rheumatic disease in Calgary, Alberta

15) Assessing the air quality impact of nitrogen oxides and benzene  
from road traffic and domestic heating and the associated cancer risk  
in an urban area of Verona (Italy)

16) Characteristics of DNA methylation changes induced by  
traffic-related air pollution

17) Factors affecting pollutant concentrations in the near-road environment

18) Particulate air pollution and circulating biomarkers among type 2  
diabetic mellitus patients: the roles of particle size and time  
windows of exposure

19) Urban air pollution, poverty, violence and health – Neurological  
and immunological aspects as mediating factors

20) Effect Modification of Long-Term Air Pollution Exposures and the  
Risk of Incident Cardiovascular Disease in US Women

21) Maternal exposure to air pollution and type 1 diabetes –  
Accounting for genetic factors

22) Fetal growth and maternal exposure to particulate air pollution --  
More marked effects at lower exposure and modification by gestational  
duration

23) Associations of daily levels of PM10 and NO2 with emergency  
hospital admissions and mortality in Switzerland: Trends and missed  
prevention potential over the last decade

24) Short-term exposure to noise, fine particulate matter and nitrogen  
oxides on ambulatory blood pressure: A repeated-measure study

25) Fine particulate matter and the risk of autism spectrum disorder

26) Long-Term Exposure to Primary Traffic Pollutants and Lung Function  
in Children: Cross-Sectional Study and Meta-Analysis

27) Associations between Prenatal Exposure to Black Carbon and Memory  
Domains in Urban Children: Modification by Sex and Prenatal Stress

28) Maternal ambient air pollution exposure preconception and during  
early gestation and offspring congenital orofacial defects

29) The contribution of outdoor air pollution sources to premature  
mortality on a global scale

30) Effects of Motor Vehicle Exhaust on Male Reproductive Function and  
Associated Proteins

31) Does urban forestry have a quantitative effect on ambient air  
quality in an urban environment?

32) Assessing the Capacity of Plant Species to Accumulate Particulate  
Matter in Beijing, China

33) Best Practices for Reducing Near-Road Pollution Exposure at Schools

34) Children's Health Collection 2015

35) A Clearer Picture of China’s Air: Using Satellite Data and Ground  
Monitoring to Estimate PM2.5 over Time

36) Satellite-Based Spatiotemporal Trends in PM2.5 Concentrations:  
China, 2004–2013

- o -

1) Historic air pollution exposure and long-term mortality risks in  
England and Wales: prospective longitudinal cohort study

Anna Hansell, Rebecca E Ghosh, Marta Blangiardo, Chloe Perkins,  
Danielle Vienneau, Kayoung Goffe, David Briggs, John Gulliver

This large national study suggests that air pollution exposure has  
long-term effects on mortality that persist decades after exposure,  
and that historic air pollution exposures influence current estimates  
of associations between air pollution and mortality.

Thorax doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-207111 - read article  
(http://thorax.bmj.com/content/early/2016/02/01/thoraxjnl-2015-207111.full)

- o -

2) Long term effects of residential NOx exposure on total and  
cause-specific mortality and incidence of myocardial infarction in a  
Swedish cohort

Leo Stockfelt, Eva M. Andersson, Peter Molnár, Annika Rosengren, Lars  
Wilhelmsen, Gerd Sallsten, Lars Barregard

We have studied the effects of long term residential NOx exposure over  
35 years. Effects for different exposure time windows have been  
compared. Air quality improved substantially over the study period.  
Long term residential NOx exposure was associated with increased  
all-cause mortality. Effects were similar for last year’s NOx exposure  
and longer exposure windows.

Environmental Research 142, October 2015, 197–206 - read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115300190)

- o -

3) Near-Roadway Air Pollution and Coronary Heart Disease: Burden of  
Disease and Potential Impact of a Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy in  
Southern California

Rakesh Ghosh, Frederick Lurmann, Laura Perez, Bryan Penfold, Sylvia  
Brandt, John
Wilson, Meredith Milet, Nino Künzli, Rob McConnell

These results suggest that a large burden of preventable CHD mortality  
is attributable to NRAP and is likely to increase even with decreasing  
exposure by 2035 due to vulnerability of an aging population.  
Greenhouse gas reduction strategies developed to mitigate climate  
change offer unexploited opportunities for air pollution health  
co-benefits.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1408865  - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1408865/)

- o -

4) Association between prenatal exposure to traffic-related air  
pollution and preterm birth in the PELAGIE mother–child cohort,  
Brittany, France. Does the urban–rural context matter?

Mélanie Bertin, Cécile Chevrier, Tania Serrano, Christine Monfort,  
Florence Rouget, Sylvaine Cordier, Jean-François Viel

Exposure to air pollution during pregnancy may influence preterm birth  
(PTB). An increased risk was found with NO2 exposure among women  
living in urban areas. Statistically significant risk of PTB was shown  
for NO2 concentrations ≥16.4 µg/m3. No association was observed among  
women living in rural counterparts. Pollutant mixture and psychosocial  
factors may explain this urban/rural difference.

Environmental Research 142, October 2015, 17–24 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001802)

- o -

5) Geographic Variation in the Association between Ambient Fine  
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) and Term Low Birth Weight in the United  
States

Yongping Hao, Heather Strosnider, Lina Balluz, Judith R. Qualters

Our study provided additional evidence on the associations between  
PM2.5 exposure during pregnancy and term LBW from a national  
perspective. The magnitude and direction of the estimated associations  
between PM2.5 exposure and term LBW varied by geographic locations in  
the United States.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1408798 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1408798/)

- o -

6) Associations of Pregnancy Outcomes and PM2.5 in a National Canadian Study

David M. Stieb, Li Chen, Bernardo S. Beckerman, Michael Jerrett,  
Daniel L. Crouse, D. Walter Rasugu Omariba, Paul A. Peters, Aaron van  
Donkelaar, Randall V. Martin, Richard T. Burnett, Nicolas L. Gilbert,  
Michael Tjepkema, Shiliang Liu, Rose M. Dugandzic

This study, based on approximately 3 million births across Canada and  
employing PM2.5 estimates from a national spatiotemporal model,  
provides further evidence linking PM2.5 and pregnancy outcomes.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1408995 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1408995/)

- o -

7) Prenatal Exposure to NO2 and Ultrasound Measures of Fetal Growth in  
the Spanish INMA Cohort

Carmen Iñiguez, Ana Esplugues, Jordi Sunyer, Mikel Basterrechea, Ana  
Fernández-Somoano, Olga Costa, Marisa Estarlich, Inmaculada Aguilera,  
Aitana Lertxundi, Adonina Tardón, Mònica Guxens, Mario Murcia,  
Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Ferran Ballester, on behalf of the INMA  
Project

Maternal exposure to NO2 in early pregnancy was associated with  
reduced fetal growth based on ultrasound measures of growth during  
pregnancy and measures of size at birth.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1409423 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1409423/)

- o -

8) Exposure to Road Traffic Noise and Behavioral Problems in  
7-Year-Old Children: A Cohort Study

Dorrit Hjortebjerg, Anne Marie Nybo Andersen, Jeppe Schultz  
Christensen, Matthias Ketzel, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Jordi Sunyer,  
Jordi Julvez, Joan Forns, Mette Sørensen

Residential road traffic noise in early childhood may be associated  
with behavioral problems, particularly hyperactivity/inattention  
symptoms.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1409430 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1409430/) , comment  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/15-10540/) , and response  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/15-10851/)

- o -

9) The association between greenness and traffic-related air pollution  
at schools

Payam Dadvand, Ioar Rivas, Xavier Basagaña, Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol,  
Jason Su, Montserrat De Castro Pascual, Fulvio Amato, Michael Jerret,  
Xavier Querol, Jordi Sunyer, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen

Reduced indoor and outdoor air pollution associated with greenness  
around schools. Reduction in indoor air pollution was mediated by  
reduction in outdoor levels.

Science of The Total Environment 523, 1 August 2015, 59–63 - read  
abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969715003782)

- o -

10) Air pollution and childhood bronchitis: Interaction with  
xenobiotic, immune regulatory and DNA repair genes

Rakesh Ghosh, Pavel Rossner, Katerina Honkova, Miroslav Dostal, Radim  
J. Sram, Irva Hertz-Picciotto

Gene-environment interaction for acute bronchitis has not been  
studied, although it has been reported for chronic respiratory  
diseases. In this study we demonstrate several xenobiotic, immune  
regulatory and DNA repair genes may play an important role in the  
pathogenesis of acute bronchitis. This is the first study to show that  
DNA repair gene XPC is likely to play an important role in air  
pollution induced acute bronchitis.

Environment International 87, February 2016, 94–100 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412015300684)

- o -

11) A Critical Proton MR Spectroscopy Marker of Alzheimer’s Disease  
Early Neurodegenerative Change: Low Hippocampal NAA/Cr Ratio Impacts  
APOE ɛ4 Mexico City Children and Their Parents

Calderón-Garcidueñas, Liliana; Mora-Tiscareño, Antonieta;  
Melo-Sánchez, Gastón; Rodríguez-Díaz, Joel; Torres-Jardón, Ricardo;  
Styner, Martin; Mukherjee, Partha S.; Lin, Weili; Jewells, Valerie

Severe air pollution exposures produce systemic, respiratory,  
myocardial, and brain inflammation and Alzheimer’s disease (AD)  
hallmarks in clinically healthy children. Gene and environmental  
factors are critical in the development of AD and the identification  
and neuroprotection of young urbanites at high risk must become a  
public health priority.

Journal of Alzheimer's Disease 48,4. 1065-1075, 2015 - read abstract  
(http://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-alzheimers-disease/jad150415)

- o -

12) Mexico City normal weight children exposed to high concentrations  
of ambient PM2.5 show high blood leptin and endothelin-1, vitamin D  
deficiency, and food reward hormone dysregulation versus low pollution  
controls. Relevance for obesity and Alzheimer disease

Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Maricela Franco-Lira, Amedeo D'Angiulli,  
Joel Rodríguez-Díaz, Eleonore Blaurock-Busch, Yvette Busch, Chih-kai  
Chao, Charles Thompson, Partha S. Mukherjee, Ricardo Torres-Jardón,  
George Perry

Mexico City air pollution causes systemic and neural inflammation in  
children. Normal weight Mexico City children show fasting  
hyperleptinemia. Hyperleptinemia is strongly positively associated to  
PM2.5 exposures. Hyperleptinemia could signal the metabolic and  
cognitive trajectory of children.

Environmental Research 140, July 2015,  579–592 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001589)

- o -

13) Can air pollution trigger an onset of atrial fibrillation: a  
population-based study

Maayan Yitshak Sade, Alina Vodonos, Victor Novack, Michael Friger, Guy  
Amit, Itzhak Katra, Joel Schwartz, Lena Novack

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent cardiac arrhythmia and  
a major risk factor for ischemic stroke. This study aims to evaluate  
the effect of air pollution on the new AF onset requiring  
hospitalization.

Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health August 2015, 8,4 413-420 - read  
abstract (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11869-014-0295-2)

- o -

14) Fine particulate air pollution, nitrogen dioxide, and systemic  
autoimmune rheumatic disease in Calgary, Alberta

Sasha Bernatsky, Audrey Smargiassi, Markey Johnson, Gilaad G. Kaplan,  
Cheryl Barnabe, Larry Svenson, Allan Brand, Stefania Bertazzon, Marie  
Hudson, Ann E. Clarke, Paul R. Fortin, Steven Edworthy, Patrick  
Bélisle, Lawrence Joseph

We assessed ambient NO2, PM2.5 and systemic autoimmune rheumatic  
disease (SARD). We used land use regression models in an urban  
Canadian sample. Adjusting for demographics, PM2.5 was independently  
associated with SARDs. The results were inconclusive for NO2.

Environmental Research 140, July 2015, 474–478 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001393511500153X)

15) Assessing the air quality impact of nitrogen oxides and benzene  
from road traffic and domestic heating and the associated cancer risk  
in an urban area of Verona (Italy)

Marco Schiavon, Martina Redivo, Gianluca Antonacci, Elena Cristina  
Rada, Marco Ragazzi, Dino Zardi, Lorenzo Giovannini

Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and benzene concentrations in street canyons  
were modelled. In addition to road traffic, the contribution of  
domestic heating was studied. The NOx concentrations induced by  
domestic heating are 25% those induced by traffic. Condensation  
boilers and traffic restrictions would lower NOx concentration by 10%.  
Traffic restrictions would decrease the benzene-induced cancer risk by  
43%.

Atmospheric Environment 120, November 2015, 234–243 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231015302995)

16) Characteristics of DNA methylation changes induced by  
traffic-related air pollution

Rui Ding, Yongtang Jin, Xinneng Liu, Ziyi Zhu, Yuan Zhang, Ting Wang,  
Yinchun Xu
TRAP associates with global and iNOS hypomethylation in blood and lung  
tissues. TRAP associates with p16CDKN2A hypermethylation in blood and  
lung tissues. TRAP associates with APC hypermethylation in only lung  
tissues but not blood. DNA methylation changes showed a dose-dependent  
manner.

Environmental Mutagenesis 796,15 January 2016, 46–53 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1383571815002909)

- o -

17) Factors affecting pollutant concentrations in the near-road environment

Nichole Baldwin, Owais Gilani, Suresh Raja, Stuart Batterman, Rajiv  
Ganguly, Philip Hopke, Veronica Berrocal, Thomas Robins, Sarah Hoogterp

Pollutant concentrations are measured on transects crossing nine major  
roads. Concentration gradients depend on wind speed, direction,  
traffic and distance to road. Exponential gradient models explain much  
of the variability for BC, NOx and UFP. Concentrations halve between  
89 and 129 m downwind and 14–20 m upwind. Models help define corridor  
impacted by traffic-related pollutants around highways.

Atmospheric Environment 115, August 2015, 223–235 - read abstract (http://
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231015300972)

- o -

18) Particulate air pollution and circulating biomarkers among type 2  
diabetic mellitus patients: the roles of particle size and time  
windows of exposure

Cuicui Wang, Renjie Chen, Zhuohui Zhao, Jing Cai, Jianxiong Lu, Sandie  
Ha, Xiaohui Xu, Xuan Chen, Haidong Kan

2 h exposure to PM leads to increases in circulating biomarkers among  
diabetics. PM with smaller size has the strongest effect at 0.25–0.40  
μm. The effects on inflammation and vasoconstriction were restricted  
to 0–12 h. The effects on coagulation persisted for 24–72 h. PM had a  
stronger effect among male patients than female patients.

Environmental Research 140, July 2015, 112–118 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001048)

- o -

19) Urban air pollution, poverty, violence and health – Neurological  
and immunological aspects as mediating factors

Marianne Kristiansson, Karolina Sörman, Carmen Tekwe, Lilian  
Calderón-Garcidueñas
Poverty and air pollution are linked to increased risk of conflict and  
violence. Overcrowded areas are prone to outbreaks of contagious-and  
inflammatory diseases. The effects of poverty and air  
pollution-related stress on cognitive function i.e., impaired  
cognitive skills, are mediated by inflammatory cytokines.  
Epidemiological research of associations between concentrated poverty,  
air pollution, violence and health are pressing public health issues.

Environmental Research 140, July 2015, 511–513 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001590)

- o -

20) Effect Modification of Long-Term Air Pollution Exposures and the  
Risk of Incident Cardiovascular Disease in US Women

Jaime E. Hart, Robin C. Puett, Kathryn M. Rexrode, Christine M.  
Albert, Francine Laden

In this nationwide cohort, women with diabetes were identified as the  
subpopulation most sensitive to the adverse cardiovascular health  
effects of PM.

J Am Heart Assoc. 2015;4:e002301 doi: 10.1161/JAHA.115.002301 - read  
article (http://jaha.ahajournals.org/content/4/12/e002301.full.pdf)

- o -

21) Maternal exposure to air pollution and type 1 diabetes –  
Accounting for genetic factors

Ebba Malmqvist, Helena Elding Larsson, Ida Jönsson, Anna  
Rignell-Hydbom, Sten-Anders Ivarsson, Håkan Tinnerberg, Emilie Stroh,  
Ralf Rittner, Kristina Jakobsson, Erik Swietlicki, Lars Rylander

The study finds a positive association between air pollution exposure  
and T1D. The study had access to information on genetic risk for T1D.  
The study had individually assessed exposure to air pollution.

Environmental Research 140, July 2015,  268–274 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001024)

- o -

22) Fetal growth and maternal exposure to particulate air pollution --  
More marked effects at lower exposure and modification by gestational  
duration

Ellen Winckelmans, Bianca Cox, Evelyne Martens, Frans Fierens, Benoit  
Nemery, Tim S. Nawrot

We examine the association between maternal PM10 exposure and fetal  
growth. The study population consists of 525,635 newborns born between  
1999 and 2009. We stratify for gestational age (extreme, moderate  
preterm and full term). We observe a (non-linear) association for  
moderate preterm and full term births. Increasing maternal exposure  
has a higher impact at lower PM10 concentration.

Environmental Research 140, July 2015, 611–618 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001619)

- o -

23) Associations of daily levels of PM10 and NO2 with emergency  
hospital admissions and mortality in Switzerland: Trends and missed  
prevention potential over the last decade

Laura Perez, Leticia Grize, Denis Infanger, Nino Künzli, Hansjörg  
Sommer, Gian-Marco Alt, Christian Schindler

The air pollution mixture has substantially changed over the last  
decade. In Switzerland, short-term health effects of PM10 and NO2  
persist through time. Choice of air quality regulations undermine  
prevention potentials.

Environmental Research 140, July 2015, 554–561 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001516)

- o -

24) Short-term exposure to noise, fine particulate matter and nitrogen  
oxides on ambulatory blood pressure: A repeated-measure study

Li-Te Chang, Kai-Jen Chuang, Wei-Ting Yang, Ven-Shing Wang, Hsiao-Chi  
Chuang, Bo-Ying Bao, Chiu-Shong Liu, Ta-Yuan Chang

Exposure to noise, PM2.5 or NOx may be independently associated with  
elevated blood pressure. Noise exposure has transient effects of  
increased SBP and DBP over 24 h. Exposure to PM2.5 has elevated  
effects on 24-h ambulatory SBP and DBP. NOx exposure only relates to  
elevated ambulatory DBP over 24 h.

Environmental Research 140, July 2015, 634–640 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001796)

- o -

25) Fine particulate matter and the risk of autism spectrum disorder

Evelyn O. Talbott, Vincent C. Arena, Judith R. Rager, Jane E.  
Clougherty, Drew R. Michanowicz, Ravi K. Sharma, Shaina L. Stacy

A case-control study of childhood autism and PM2.5 air pollution was  
conducted. Daily PM2.5 was linked to residences of cases and controls  
prenatally to age two. There was increased risk for childhood autism  
(OR=1.51, 95% CI=1.01–2.26). Prenatal and postnatal exposure to PM2.5  
is associated with increased risk of ASD

Environmental Research 140, July 2015, 414–420 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001449)

- o -

26) Long-Term Exposure to Primary Traffic Pollutants and Lung Function  
in Children: Cross-Sectional Study and Meta-Analysis

Francesco Barone-Adesi , Jennifer E. Dent, David Dajnak, Sean Beevers,  
H Ross Anderson, Frank J. Kelly, Derek G. Cook, Peter H. Whincup

Exposure to traffic pollution may cause a small overall reduction in  
lung function and increase the prevalence of children with clinically  
relevant declines in lung function.

PLoS ONE November 30 2015, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142565 - read  
article  
(http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0142565)

- o -

27) Associations between Prenatal Exposure to Black Carbon and Memory  
Domains in Urban Children: Modification by Sex and Prenatal Stress

Whitney J. Cowell, David C. Bellinger, Brent A. Coull, Chris Gennings,  
Robert O. Wright, Rosalind J. Wright

The associations between prenatal exposure to black carbon and stress  
with children’s memory scores were stronger in boys than in girls.  
Studies assessing complex interactions may more fully characterize  
health risks and, in particular, identify vulnerable subgroups.

PLoS ONE November 6, 2015, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142492 - read  
article  
(http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0142492)

- o -

28) Maternal ambient air pollution exposure preconception and during  
early gestation and offspring congenital orofacial defects

Yeyi Zhu, Cuilin Zhang, Danping Liu, Katherine L. Grantz, Maeve  
Wallace, Pauline Mendola

This is the first multi-site US study examining air pollution and oral  
clefts risk. Novel exposure windows were studied including  
preconception chronic exposure. PM10, SO2 and CO preconception  
exposure were related to increased oral cleft risk.
Environmental Research 140, July 2015, 714–720 - read abstract (http://

www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115001772)

29) The contribution of outdoor air pollution sources to premature  
mortality on a global scale

J. Lelieveld, J. S. Evans, M. Fnais, D. Giannadaki, A. Pozzer

Model projections based on a business-as-usual emission scenario  
indicate that the contribution of outdoor air pollution to premature  
mortality could double by 2050.

Nature 525, 367–371 (17 September 2015) - read article  
(http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v525/n7569/full/nature15371.html)

- o -

30) Effects of Motor Vehicle Exhaust on Male Reproductive Function and  
Associated Proteins

Deivendran Rengaraj, Woo-Sung Kwon, Myung-Geol Pang

This review helps to describe the risks of vehicle exhaust exposure  
and its relationship to potential adverse effects on the male  
reproduction system.

J. Proteome Res., 2015, 14 (1), 22–37 - read abstract  
(http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/pr500939c)

- o -

31) Does urban forestry have a quantitative effect on ambient air  
quality in an urban environment?

P.J. Irga, M.D. Burchett, F.R. Torpy

There were localised differences in PM across different areas within  
Sydney, Australia. Areas with high urban forestry density had lower PM  
than other sites. Associations between PM and meteorological factors  
were also observed. No trends in CO2, CO, TVOCs, NO, NO2, or SO2 were  
observed.

Atmospheric Environment 120, November 2015, 173–181 - read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231015302958)

- o -

32) Assessing the Capacity of Plant Species to Accumulate Particulate  
Matter in Beijing, China

Li Mo, Zeyu Ma, Yansen Xu, Fengbin Sun, Xiaoxiu Lun, Xuhui Liu,  
Jungang Chen, Xinxiao Yu

The results of this study may inform the selection of species for  
urban green areas where the goal is to capture air pollutants and  
mitigate the adverse effects of air pollution on human health.

PLoS ONE October 27, 2015, 10.1371/journal.pone.0140664 - read article  
(http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0140664)

- o -

33) Best Practices for Reducing Near-Road Pollution Exposure at Schools

This publication can help school communities identify strategies for  
reducing traffic-related pollution exposure at schools located  
downwind from heavily traveled roadways (such as highways), along  
corridors with significant trucking traffic, or near other traffic or  
vehicular pollution sources.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, November 2015, 22pp - read  
booklet  
(http://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-10/documents/ochp_2015_near_road_pollution_booklet_v16_508.pdf)

- o -

34) Children's Health Collection 2015

The Children’s Health Collection comprises peer-reviewed research  
articles, reviews, commentaries, editorials, news, and Science  
Selections published in EHP from October

2014 through September 2015 - link to topics including Air Pollution  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/chc-2015/#tab3)

- o -

35) A Clearer Picture of China’s Air: Using Satellite Data and Ground  
Monitoring to Estimate PM2.5 over Time

Nate Seltenrich

The absence of a nationwide ground-monitoring network in China has  
limited researchers’ ability to assess the extent of pollution beyond  
major cities, says coauthor Yang Liu, an associate professor of  
environmental health at Emory University. It has also hampered  
research on the adverse impacts of chronic exposure to PM2.5, one of  
the air pollutants most consistently associated with human health  
effects.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.124-A38 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/124-A38/)

- o -

36) Satellite-Based Spatiotemporal Trends in PM2.5 Concentrations:  
China, 2004–2013

Zongwei Ma, Xuefei Hu, Andrew M. Sayer, Robert Levy, Qiang Zhang,  
Yingang Xue, Shilu Tong, Jun Bi, Lei Huang, Yang Liu

Our satellite-driven model can provide reliable historical PM2.5  
estimates in China at a resolution comparable to those used in  
epidemiologic studies on the health effects of long-term PM2.5  
exposure in North America. This data source can potentially advance  
research on PM2.5 health effects in China.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1409481 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1409481/)

- o -

----------------------------------------------------------

Visit/Like our blog / archive  
(https://sheffieldeastend.wordpress.com/)  We are setting up an  
archive of our website (for the day when we are no longer actively  
updating it). The advantage of the blog site is that there is a search  
facility on it, so if you are looking for anything to do with Darnall,  
for example, just put this in the search terms and it will come up  
with everything there is so far. The old Newsletters and Reports are  
there already, and most of the historical data for community air  
quality monitoring (in easily downloadable format); the rest will  
follow as time allows.

Facebook (https://www.facebook.com/barbara.rimmington.3)
Twitter (https://www.twitter.com/b_rimm/)
Website (http://www.sheffieldeastend.org.uk/index.htm)

============================================================





More information about the news mailing list