[cleanairuk_news] Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update September 2014

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Tue Sep 30 15:11:20 BST 2014


* Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update September 2014 *

By Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality of Life Initiative

(Previous edition - August 2014:  
http://cleanairuk.org/pipermail/news_cleanairuk.org/2014-September/000074.html

Index page for Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise:  
http://www.cleanairuk.org/health-air-pollution.html)

*Notice*

Conference: Air Quality and Health in Sheffield Conference, Friday  
17th October 2014. Speakers include Dr Ian Mudway from Kings College  
London, Alan Andrews from Client Earth, and Councillor Jack Scott from  
Sheffield City Council. The conference will be chaired by Jack Peace,  
editor of the Air Quality Bulletin. Book online  
(https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/air-quality-and-health-in-sheffield-tickets-12134934917?gws_rd=ssl).

*CONTENTS*

1) Adult lung function and long-term air pollution exposure. ESCAPE: a  
multicentre cohort study and meta-analysis

2) Degradation in urban air quality from construction activity and  
increased traffic arising from a road widening scheme

3) Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter during Pregnancy and Risk of  
Preterm Birth among Women in New Jersey, Ohio, and Pennsylvania,  
2000–2005

4) Particulate Matter Air Pollution Exposure, Distance to Road, and  
Incident Lung Cancer in the Nurses’ Health Study Cohort

5) Long-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Incidence of  
Cerebrovascular Events: Results from 11 European Cohorts within the  
ESCAPE Project

6) Echoes of Autism? Inhaled Ultrafine Particles and Brain Changes in Mice

7) Early Postnatal Exposure to Ultrafine Particulate Matter Air  
Pollution: Persistent Ventriculomegaly, Neurochemical Disruption, and  
Glial Activation Preferentially in Male Mic

8) Assessing the Health Threat of Outdoor Air: Lung Cancer Risk of  
Particulate Matter Exposure

9) Relationship between fine particulate matter events with respect to  
synoptic weather patterns and the implications for circulatory and  
respiratory disease in Taipei, Taiwan

10) Cyclist exposure to UFP and BC on urban routes in Antwerp, Belgium

11) Traffic-related air pollution and obesity formation in children: a  
longitudinal, multilevel analysis

12) Degradation in urban air quality from construction activity and  
increased traffic arising from a road widening scheme

13) Environmental Noise Pollution in the United States: Developing an  
Effective Public Health Response

14) The Social Consequences of Road Noise. The impact of road noise on  
residents living adjacent to the concrete section of the A417 / A419  
in Gloucestershire and Wiltshire

15) The cost of hypertension-related ill-health attributable to  
environmental noise

16) Spillover effect of congestion charging on pro-environmental behavior

- o -


1) Adult lung function and long-term air pollution exposure. ESCAPE: a  
multicentre cohort study and meta-analysis

Martin Adam, Tamara Schikowski, Anne Elie Carsin, Yutong Cai,  
Benedicte Jacquemin, Margaux Sanchez, Andrea Vierkotter, Alessandro  
Marcon, Dirk Keidel, Dorothee Sugiri, Zaina Al Kanani, Rachel Nadif,  
Valerie Siroux, Rebecca Hardy, Diana Kuh, Thierry Rochat,  
Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Marloes Eeftens, Ming-Yi Tsai, Simona  
Villani, Harish Chandra Phuleria, Matthias Birk, Josef Cyrys, Marta  
Cirach, Audrey de Nazelle, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Bertil Forsberg,  
Kees de Hoogh, Christophe Declerq, Roberto Bono, Pavilio Piccioni,  
Ulrich Quass, Joachim Heinrich, Deborah Jarvis, Isabelle Pin, Rob  
Beelen, Gerard Hoek, Bert Brunekreef, Christian Schindler, Jordi  
Sunyer, Ursula Kramer, Francine Kauffmann, Anna L. Hansell, Nino  
Kunzli, Nicole Probst-Hensch

This study adds to the evidence for an adverse association of ambient  
air pollution with lung function in adults at very low levels in Europe.

Eur Respir J 2014; in press | DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00130014 - read  
article  
(http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/early/2014/09/16/09031936.00130014.full.pdf+html)

- o -

2) Degradation in urban air quality from construction activity and  
increased traffic arising from a road widening scheme

Anna Font, Timothy Baker, Ian S. Mudway, Esme Purdie, Christina  
Dunster, Gary W. Fuller

Local air quality deteriorated after completion of a road widening  
scheme in south London. The EU PM10 limit value (LV) was breached  
during construction. NO2 LV was breached after scheme due to increased  
cars, taxis and LGVs. Increase of pro-oxidant components in the PM  
coarse mode after the road widening. Mean PM10 emission factor for the  
construction phase was 0.0022 kg m− 2 month− 1.

Science of The Total Environment 497–498, 1 November 2014, 123–132 -  
read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969714010900)

- o -

3) Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter during Pregnancy and Risk of  
Preterm Birth among Women in New Jersey, Ohio, and Pennsylvania,  
2000–2005

Kristen M. Rappazzo, Julie L. Daniels, Lynne C. Messer, Charles Poole,  
Danelle T. Lobdell

Exposures beginning around the time of implantation and near birth  
appeared to be more strongly associated with PTB than exposures during  
other time periods. Because particulate matter exposure is ubiquitous,  
evidence of effects of PM2.5 exposure on PTB, even if small in  
magnitude, is cause for concern.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1307456 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1307456/)

- o -

4) Particulate Matter Air Pollution Exposure, Distance to Road, and  
Incident Lung Cancer in the Nurses’ Health Study Cohort

Robin C. Puett, Jaime E. Hart, Jeff D. Yanosky, Donna Spiegelman,  
Molin Wang, Jared A. Fisher, Biling Hong, Francine Laden

Our findings support those from other studies indicating increased  
risk of incident lung cancer associated with ambient PM exposures,  
especially among never- and long-term former smokers.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1307490 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1307490/)

- o -

5) Long-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Incidence of  
Cerebrovascular Events: Results from 11 European Cohorts within the  
ESCAPE Project

Massimo Stafoggia, Giulia Cesaroni, Annette Peters, Zorana J.  
Andersen, Chiara Badaloni, Rob Beelen, Barbara Caracciolo, Josef  
Cyrys, Ulf de Faire, Kees de Hoogh, Kirsten T. Eriksen, Laura  
Fratiglioni, Claudia Galassi, Bruna Gigante, Aki S. Havulinna, Frauke  
Hennig, Agneta Hilding, Gerard Hoek, Barbara Hoffmann, Danny  
Houthuijs, Michal Korek, Timo Lanki, Karin Leander, Patrik K.  
Magnusson, Christa Meisinger, Enrica Migliore, Kim Overvad,  
Claes-Göran Östenson, Nancy L. Pedersen, Juha Pekkanen, Johanna  
Penell, Goran Pershagen, Noreen Pundt, Andrei Pyko, Ole  
Raaschou-Nielsen, Andrea Ranzi, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote,  
Wim J.R. Swart, Anu W. Turunen, Paolo Vineis, Christian Weimar, Gudrun  
Weinmayr, Kathrin Wolf, Bert Brunekreef, Francesco Forastiere

We found suggestive evidence of an association between fine particles  
and incidence of cerebrovascular events in Europe, even at lower  
concentrations than set by the current air quality limit value.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1307301 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1307301/)

- o -

6) Echoes of Autism? Inhaled Ultrafine Particles and Brain Changes in Mice

Carol Potera

In the United States, the estimated incidence of ASDs in 8-year-olds  
is 1 in 42 for boys, and 1 in 189 for girls.10 According to the  
authors, early exposure to ultrafine particles in early childhood may  
turn out to be a risk factor for ASDs. Importantly, however, although  
the findings are suggestive, it is premature to conclude from these  
results that air pollution causes ASDs in people.

Environ Health Perspect, 122,9, September 2014 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/122-A250/)

- o -

7) Early Postnatal Exposure to Ultrafine Particulate Matter Air  
Pollution: Persistent Ventriculomegaly, Neurochemical Disruption, and  
Glial Activation Preferentially in Male Mice

Joshua L. Allen, Xiufang Liu, Sean Pelkowski, Brian Palmer, Katherine  
Conrad, Günter Oberdörster, Douglas Weston, Margot Mayer-Pröschel,  
Deborah A. Cory-Slechta

We observed brain region– and sex-dependent alterations in cytokines  
and neurotransmitters in both male and female CAPs-exposed mice.  
Lateral ventricle dilation (i.e., ventriculomegaly) was observed only  
in CAPs-exposed male mice. Ventriculomegaly is a neuropathology that  
has been associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcome, autism, and  
schizophrenia. Our findings suggest alteration of developmentally  
important neurochemicals and lateral ventricle dilation may be  
mechanistically related to observations linking ambient air pollutant  
exposure and adverse neurological/neurodevelopmental outcomes in humans.
Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1307984 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1307984/)

- o -

8) Assessing the Health Threat of Outdoor Air: Lung Cancer Risk of  
Particulate Matter Exposure

Julia R. Barrett

According to IARC, 223,000 lung cancer deaths due to air pollution  
occurred worldwide in 2010. In terms of the global burden of all  
diseases attributable to air pollution, lung cancer accounts for less  
than 7% of the 3.22 million estimated deaths.

Environ Health Perspect, 122,9, September 2014 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/122-A252/)

- o -

9) Relationship between fine particulate matter events with respect to  
synoptic weather patterns and the implications for circulatory and  
respiratory disease in Taipei, Taiwan

Li-Wei Lai

Hospital admissions for respiratory diseases were greater than those  
for circulatory diseases, and asthma-related diseases had a higher  
impact in the Adults group, and the maximum RR was 1.94 [1.37 2.77] on  
the first day after the event. It is evident that PM2.5 episodes  
connected to particular synoptic weather patterns pose a risk to  
health as large as ADS and PCS events.

International Journal of Environmental Health Research 24,6, 2014 -  
read abstract  
(http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09603123.2013.865717#.VCFiM5RdWN8)

- o -

10) Cyclist exposure to UFP and BC on urban routes in Antwerp, Belgium

Jan Peters, Joris Van den Bossche, Matteo Reggente, Martine Van Poppel,
Bernard De Baets, Jan Theunis

Mobile monitoring with a bicycle is performed in an urban environment.  
Large spatial and temporal variations in UFP and BC concentrations are  
observed. Traffic and street topology are determinant for cyclist  
exposure to air pollution. Localized peak events have significant  
impact on the integral cyclist exposure.

Atmospheric Environment 92, August 2014, 31–43 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231014002246)

- o -

11) Traffic-related air pollution and obesity formation in children: a  
longitudinal, multilevel analysis

Michael Jerrett, Rob McConnell, Jennifer Wolch, Roger Chang, Claudia  
Lam, Genevieve Dunton, Frank Gilliland, Fred Lurmann, Talat Islam,  
Kiros Berhane

Traffic pollution was positively associated with growth in BMI in  
children aged 5–11 years. Traffic pollution may be controlled via  
emission restrictions; changes in land use that promote jobs-housing  
balance and use of public transit and hence reduce vehicle miles  
traveled; promotion of zero emissions vehicles; transit and  
car-sharing programs; or by limiting high pollution traffic, such as  
diesel trucks, from residential areas or places where children play  
outdoors, such as schools and parks. These measures may have  
beneficial effects in terms of reduced obesity formation in children.

Environmental Health 2014, 13:49 - read article  
(http://www.ehjournal.net/content/13/1/49)

- o -

12) Degradation in urban air quality from construction activity and  
increased traffic arising from a road widening scheme

Anna Font, Timothy Baker, Ian S. Mudway, Esme Purdie, Christina  
Dunster, Gary W. Fuller

Local air quality deteriorated after completion of a road widening  
scheme in south London. The EU PM10 limit value (LV) was breached  
during construction. NO2 LV was breached after scheme due to increased  
cars, taxis and LGVs. Increase of pro-oxidant components in the PM  
coarse mode after the road widening. Mean PM10 emission factor for the  
construction phase was 0.0022 kg m month.

Science of The Total Environment 497–498, 1 November 2014, 123–132 -  
read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969714010900)

- o -

13) Environmental Noise Pollution in the United States: Developing an  
Effective Public Health Response

Monica S. Hammer, Tracy K. Swinburn, Richard L. Neitzel

Significant public health benefit can be achieved by integrating  
interventions that reduce environmental noise levels and exposures  
into the federal public health agenda.

Environ Health Perspect. Feb 2014; 122(2): 115–119 - read article  
(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3915267/)

- o -

14) The Social Consequences of Road Noise. The impact of road noise on  
residents living adjacent to the concrete section of the A417 / A419  
in Gloucestershire and Wiltshire

 From page 18 of the report:

'Impact on Health

'The evidence base brought forward through this research about impact  
on health appears particularly alarming. Whilst many residents report  
disruption in their lives as a result of the road noise there are a  
disturbing number, 27%, are reporting adverse effects on the health of  
their families as a result of the road noise. Half of these say that  
anxiety and stress is being caused by the noise with headaches and  
sleep disturbance. This situation appears to be unacceptable on many  
levels, suffering for the individuals and families which includes the  
worry of what further more serious health conditions may result due to  
sleep deprivation and anxiety and impact on health services.'

A419 Noise Action Group July 2014 - read report  
(http://a419nag.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/A419-NAG-Report-July-20141.pdf)

- o -

15) The cost of hypertension-related ill-health attributable to  
environmental noise

Anne-Helen Harding, Gillian A Frost, Emma Tan, Aki Tsuchiya, Howard M Mason

Hypertension (HT) is associated with environmental noise exposure and  
is a risk factor for a range of health outcomes. The study aims were  
to identify key HT related health outcomes and to quantify and  
monetize the impact on health outcomes attributable to environmental  
noise-related HT. A reiterative literature review identified key HT  
related health outcomes and their quantitative links with HT. The  
health impact of increases in environmental noise above recommended  
daytime noise levels (55 dB[A]) were quantified in terms of quality  
adjusted life years and then monetized. A case study evaluated the  
cost of environmental noise, using published data on health risks and  
the number of people exposed to various bands of environmental noise  
levels in the United Kingdom (UK). Three health outcomes were selected  
based on the strength of evidence linking them with HT and their  
current impact on society: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke  
and dementia. In the UK population, an additional 542 cases of  
HT-related AMI, 788 cases of stroke and 1169 cases of dementia were  
expected per year due to daytime noise levels ≥55 dB(A). The cost of  
these additional cases was valued at around £1.09 billion, with  
dementia accounting for 44%. The methodology is dependent on the  
availability and quality of published data and the resulting  
valuations reflect these limitations. The estimated intangible cost  
provides an insight into the scale of the health impacts and  
conversely the benefits that the implementation of policies to manage  
environmental noise may confer.

Noise Health 2013;15:437-45 - read article  
(http://www.noiseandhealth.org/article.asp?issn=1463-1741;year=2013;volume=15;issue=67;spage=437;epage=445;aulast=Harding)

- o -

16) Spillover effect of congestion charging on pro-environmental behavior

Naoko Kaida, Kosuke Kaida

Results suggest that the spillover effect from an environmental policy  
intervention can have considerable impact on facilitating  
pro-environmental behaviors and surrounding issues in more general  
contexts, thus warranting careful evaluation with a wider perspective.

Environment, Development and Sustainability June 2014 - read abstract  
(http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10668-014-9550-9)

- o -

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Compiler and Editor: Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality
of Life Initiative

10 Montgomery Terrace Road

Sheffield S6 3BU

Tel. 0114 285 9931

Fax 0114 278 7173

Email: barbara at sheffieldct.co.uk

Web: www.sheffieldeastend.org.uk

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