[cleanairuk_news] Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update November 2014

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Wed Dec 24 16:49:59 GMT 2014


* Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise - update November 2014 *

By Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality of Life Initiative

(Previous edition - October 2014:  
http://cleanairuk.org/pipermail/news_cleanairuk.org/2014-November/000077.html

Index page for Health Effects of Air Quality and Noise:  
http://www.cleanairuk.org/health-air-pollution.html)

*CONTENTS*

1) Air Quality and Health in Sheffield, Conference, Friday 17th October 2014

2) Mortality reduction following the air pollution control measures  
during the 2010 Asian Games

3) High Blood Pressure and Long-Term Exposure to Indoor Noise and Air  
Pollution from Road Traffic

4) Correlation of noise levels and particulate matter concentrations  
near two major freeways in Los Angeles, California

5) 2Loud?: Community mapping of exposure to traffic noise with mobile phones

6) Associations between prenatal exposure to air pollution, small for  
gestational age, and term low birthweight in a state-wide birth cohort

7) Air Pollution and Acute Respiratory Infections Among Children 0–4  
Years of Age: An 18-Year Time-Series Study

8) Long-term air pollution exposure and diabetes in a population-based  
Swiss cohort

9) Assessing the relationship among urban trees, nitrogen dioxide, and  
respiratory health

10) Estimation of the effects of ambient air pollution on life  
expectancy of urban residents in China

11) Risk assessment and spatial chemical variability of PM collected  
at selected bus stations

12) Can air pollutant controls change global warming?

13) Dept for Environment & Rural Affairs website

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1) Air Quality and Health in Sheffield, Conference, Friday 17th October 2014

Follow the links to the presentations from speakers including:
Dr Ian Mudway  
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eutxg7WvEVc&feature=youtu.be) from  
Kings College London,
Alan Andrews  
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ilGHiHVDd_Q&feature=youtu.be) from  
Client Earth,
and Councillor Jack Scott  
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mb8bl3GLBYg&feature=youtu.be) from  
Sheffield City Council.

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2) Mortality reduction following the air pollution control measures  
during the 2010 Asian Games

Hualiang Lin, Yonghui Zhang, Tao Liu, Jianpeng Xiao, Yanjun Xu,  
Xiaojun Xu, Zhenmin Qian, Shilu Tong, Yuan Luo, Weilin Zeng, Wenjun Ma

PM10 decreased from 88.64 to 80.61 μg/m3 during the 2010 Asian Games  
in Guangzhou. Daily all cause mortality decreased from 32 to 25 during  
the Games period. Daily cardiovascular mortality decreased from 11 to  
8 and during the Games period. Daily respiratory diseases decreased  
from 6 to 5 during the Games period.

Atmospheric Environment 91, July 2014, 24–31 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231014002362)

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3) High Blood Pressure and Long-Term Exposure to Indoor Noise and Air  
Pollution from Road Traffic

Maria Foraster, Nino Künzli, Inmaculada Aguilera, Marcela Rivera,  
David Agis, Joan Vila, Laura Bouso, Alexandre Deltell, Jaume Marrugat,  
Rafel Ramos, Jordi Sunyer, Roberto Elosua, Xavier Basagaña

Long-term exposure to indoor traffic noise was associated with  
prevalent hypertension and SBP, independently of NO2. Associations  
were less consistent for outdoor traffic Lnight and likely affected by  
collinearity.

Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1307156 - read article  
(http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1307156/)

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4) Correlation of noise levels and particulate matter concentrations  
near two major freeways in Los Angeles, California

Shi Shu, Pu Yang, Yifang Zhu

Spatial distributions of PM and noise were concurrently measured near  
freeways. Noise showed a more symmetrical profile on both sides of  
freeways. UFP concentrations decay with increasing distance to freeway  
only on downwind side. Moderate correlations between UFP and noise  
were identified at downwind side. Presence of sound wall changed the  
correlation between UFP and noise.

Environmental Pollution 193, October 2014, 130–137 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749114002577)

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5) 2Loud?: Community mapping of exposure to traffic noise with mobile phones

Simone Leao, Kok-Leong Ong, Adam Krezel

Despite ample medical evidence of the adverse impacts of traffic noise  
on health, most policies for traffic noise management are arbitrary or  
incomplete, resulting in serious social and economic impacts.  
Surprisingly, there is limited information about citizen’s exposure to  
traffic noise worldwide. This paper presents the 2Loud? mobile phone  
application, developed and tested as a methodology to monitor, assess  
and map the level of exposure to traffic noise of citizens with focus  
on the night period and indoor locations, since sleep disturbance is  
one of the major triggers for ill health related to traffic noise.

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment October 2014, 186:10,  
6193-6206 - read abstract  
(http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10661-014-3848-9)

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6) Associations between prenatal exposure to air pollution, small for  
gestational age, and term low birthweight in a state-wide birth cohort

Lisa C. Vinikoor-Imler, J. Allen Davis, Robert E. Meyer, Lynne C.  
Messer, Thomas J. Luben

We examined all births in North Carolina occurring between 2003 and  
2005. O3 concentrations during the third trimester were associated  
with small for gestational age and with term low birthweight. PM2.5  
concentrations had null or slightly inverse associations with small  
for gestational age and term low birthweight.

Environmental Research 132, July 2014, 132–139 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935114000875)

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7) Air Pollution and Acute Respiratory Infections Among Children 0–4  
Years of Age: An 18-Year Time-Series Study

Lyndsey A. Darrow, Mitchel Klein, W. Dana Flanders, James A.  
Mulholland, Paige E. Tolbert, Matthew J. Strickland

Results suggest that primary traffic pollutants, ozone, and the  
organic carbon fraction of PM2.5 exacerbate upper and lower  
respiratory infections in early life, and that the carbon fraction of  
PM2.5 is a particularly harmful component of the ambient particulate  
matter mixture.

Am. J. Epidemiol. (2014) 180 (10): 968-977 - read abstract  
(http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/180/10/968.abstract?etoc)

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8) Long-term air pollution exposure and diabetes in a population-based  
Swiss cohort

Ikenna C. Eze, Emmanuel Schaffner, Evelyn Fischer, Tamara Schikowski,  
Martin Adam, Medea Imboden, Ming Tsai, David Carballo, Arnold von  
Eckardstein, Nino Künzli, Christian Schindler, Nicole Probst-Hensch

We model associations of ambient air pollution and diabetes  
prevalence. The effect of incremental adjustment for potential  
confounders was studied. A stable positive association was observed,  
which might be non-linear. Beta-blocker may be protective for the  
effects of PM10 on diabetes prevalence. Associations were present at  
pollution levels below air quality guidelines.

Environment International 70, September 2014, 95–105 - read article  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412014001573)

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9) Assessing the relationship among urban trees, nitrogen dioxide, and  
respiratory health

Meenakshi Rao, Linda A. George, Todd N. Rosenstiel, Vivek Shandas,  
Alexis Dinno

Scale matters – regional NO2 models underestimate health impacts by ∼  
$10 million annually. Roadways are the largest contributors to NO2 at  
the neighborhood scale. Trees are associated with an average of 15%  
reduction in local NO2. Respiratory benefits of trees from reduced NO2  
are ∼ $7 million 2013 USD annually.

Environmental Pollution 194, November 2014, 96–104 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749114003030)

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10) Estimation of the effects of ambient air pollution on life  
expectancy of urban residents in China

Cuicui Wang, Xiaodan Zhou, Renjie Chen, Xiaoli Duan, Xingya Kuang, Haidong Kan

The impact of air pollution on life expectancy in China was estimated.  
PM10 has been significantly reduced in China between 2003 and 2010.  
Due to PM10 reduction, life expectancy increased by 0.83 yrs from 2003  
to 2010. Air quality might have contributed substantially to life  
expectancy in China.

Atmospheric Environment 80, December 2013, 347–351 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231013006274)

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11) Risk assessment and spatial chemical variability of PM collected  
at selected bus stations

Ricardo H. M. Godoi, Ana F. L. Godoi, Lis C. de Quadros, Gabriela  
Polezer, Thiago O. B. Silva, Carlos I. Yamamoto, Rene van Grieken,  
Sanja Potgieter-Vermaak

Elemental concentrations inside the shelters were in general higher  
than outside, especially for traffic-related elements. The lead  
concentration exceeded the NAAS standard at times, although the  
average was below the guideline. The biogenic, organic and soot  
clusters showed the highest abundance for the city centre sites. The  
overall carcinogenic risk could be classed as moderate, and the risk  
was significant at two sites during one of the sampling campaigns. The  
non-carcinogenic risk is well below the significant value.

Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health December 2013, 6:4, 725-735 - read  
abstract (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11869-013-0210-2)

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12) Can air pollutant controls change global warming?

Jessica Strefler, , Gunnar Luderer, Elmar Kriegler, Malte Meinshausen

Air pollution policies do not affect long-term climate targets.  
Reduction of aerosols counteracts a fraction of the reduction of Kyoto  
forcing. Air pollution policies may affect the rate of climate change  
in the short term. There is no tradeoff between clean air and climate  
policies.

Environmental Science & Policy 41, August 2014, 33–43 - read abstract  
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462901114000732)

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13) Dept for Environment & Rural Affairs website

The Dept for Environment & Rural Affairs website allows you to view  
the detailed data behind the latest measurement summary displayed on  
UK-AIR, and also a summary of information that has been displayed over  
the previous 24 hours. The detailed data are from monitoring sites  
within the AURN. Graphs of hourly monitoring data are also available  
to view as weekly time series. You can also subscribe to this  
information as an email alert.

http://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/latest/currentlevels?period=current&region=17#levels

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---------------------------------------------------------------------

Compiler and Editor: Barbara Rimmington, Researcher, East End Quality
of Life Initiative

10 Montgomery Terrace Road

Sheffield S6 3BU

Tel. 0114 285 9931

Fax 0114 278 7173

Email: barbara at sheffieldct.co.uk

Web: www.sheffieldeastend.org.uk

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